10:2 A a wise man's heart [is] at his right hand; but a fool's heart [is] at his left.
(a) So that he does all things well and justly,
where as the fool does the contrary.
10:3 Also, when he that is a fool walketh by the
way, his wisdom faileth [him], and he b
saith to every one [that] he [is] a fool.
(b) By his doings he betrays himself.
10:4 If the c
spirit of the ruler riseth against thee, leave not thy place; for yielding
pacifieth great offences.
(c) If your superior is angry with you, be
discrete and not moved.
10:5 There is an evil [which] I have seen under the
sun, as an d error [which] proceedeth
from the ruler:
(d) Meaning that it is an evil thing when they
who are in authority fail and do not do their duty.
10:6 Folly is set in great dignity, and the e
rich sit in low place.
(e) They who are rich in wisdom and virtue.
If the iron is blunt, and he doth not whet the edge, then must he use more f
strength: but wisdom [is] profitable to direct.
(f) Without wisdom, whatever a man takes in hand,
turns to his own hurt.
The labour of the foolish wearieth every one of them, because he knoweth not how
to go to the g city.
(g) The ignorance and beastliness of the wicked
is such that they know not common things, and yet will discuss high matters.
10:16 Woe to thee, O land, when thy king [is] a h
child, and thy princes i eat in the
(h) That is, without wisdom and counsel.
(i) Are given to their lusts and pleasures.
10:17 Blessed [art] thou, O land, when thy king
[is] the son k of nobles, and thy
princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!
(k) Meaning, when he is noble for virtue and
wisdom and with the gifts of God.
Curse not the king, no not in thy thought; and curse not the rich in thy
bedchamber: for a l bird of the air
shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter.
(l) You cannot work evil so secretly that it will
not be known.