33:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Depart, [and] a go up hence, thou and the people which thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I sware unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto thy seed will I give it:
(a) The land of Canaan was surrounded by hills:
so those who entered it, must go up by the hills.
For the LORD had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye [are] a
stiffnecked people: I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and
consume thee: therefore now put off thy ornaments from thee, that I may know b
what to do unto thee.
(b) That I may either show mercy if you repent,
or else punish your rebellion.
33:7 And Moses took the
tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called
it the c Tabernacle of the congregation.
And it came to pass, [that] every one which sought the LORD went out unto the
tabernacle of the congregation, which [was] without the camp.
(c) That is, the tabernacle of the congregation:
so called because the people turned to it, when they needed to be instructed
of the Lord's will.
And the LORD spake unto Moses d face to
face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but
his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the
(d) Most clearly and familiarly of all others, (Numbers
33:12 And Moses said unto the LORD, See, thou
sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou
wilt send with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by e
name, and thou hast also found grace in my sight.
(e) I care for you and will preserve you in your
33:14 And he said, My f
presence shall go [with thee], and I will give thee rest.
(f) Signifying that the Israelites would exceed
all other people, through God's favour; (Exodus
And he said, I beseech thee, shew me thy g
(g) Your face, your substance, and your majesty.
33:19 And he said, I will make all my h
goodness pass before thee, and I will i
proclaim the name of the LORD before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will
be gracious, and will shew k mercy on
whom I will shew mercy.
(h) My mercy and fatherly care.
(i) See (Exodus
(k) For finding nothing in man that deserves
mercy, he will freely give his.
33:20 And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for
there shall no man see me, and l live.
(l) For Moses did not see his face in full
majesty, but as man's weakness could bear.
33:21 And the LORD said, Behold, [there is] a place
by m me, and thou shalt stand upon a
(m) In mount Horeb.
33:23 And I will take away
mine hand, and thou shalt see my n back
parts: but my face shall not be seen.
(n) As much of my glory as in this mortal life
you are able to see.