3:1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the a mountain of God, [even] to b Horeb.
(a) It was so called after the law was given.
(b) Called also Sinai.
3:2 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a
flame of fire out of the midst of a c
bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush [was]
(c) This shows that the Church is not consumed by
the fires of affliction, because God is in the midst of it.
3:4 And when the d
LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of
the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here [am] I.
(d) Whom he calls the angel in (Exodus
3:5 And he said, Draw not nigh hither: e
put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest [is] f
(e) Resign yourself to me; (Ruth
(f) Because of my presence.
3:6 Moreover he said, I [am] the God of thy father,
the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his
face; for he was g afraid to look upon
(g) For sin causes man to fear God's justice.
3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the
affliction of my people which [are] in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason
of their h taskmasters; for I know their
(h) Whose cruelty was intolerable.
3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the
hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land
and a large, unto a land i flowing with
milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the
Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.
(i) Most plentiful of all things.
3:9 k Now
therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have
also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them.
(k) He heard before, but now he would avenge it.
3:11 And Moses said unto God,
Who [am] l I, that I should go unto
Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt?
(l) He does not fully disobey God, but
acknowledges his own weakness.
3:12 And he said, m
Certainly I will be with thee; and this [shall be] a token unto thee, that I
have sent thee: When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall
serve God upon this mountain.
(m) Neither fear your own weakness, or
3:14 And God said unto Moses, I
n AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt
thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
(n) The God who has always been, am, and shall
be: the God almighty, by whom all things have their being, and the God of
mercy, mindful of my promise.
And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of
Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, The LORD God of the
Hebrews hath met with us: and now let us go, we beseech thee, three days'
journey into the wilderness, that we may o
sacrifice to the LORD our God.
(o) Because Egypt was full of idolatry, God would
appoint them a place where they could serve him purely.
p But every woman shall borrow of her
neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels
of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put [them] upon your sons, and upon your
daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians.
(p) This example may not be followed generally:
though at God's commandment they did it justly, receiving some recompence
for their labours.