89:1 «Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite.» I will a sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.
(a) Though the horrible confusion of things might
cause them to despair of God's favour, yet the manifold examples of his
mercies cause them to trust in God though to man's judgment they saw no
89:2 For I have b
said, Mercy shall be built up for ever: thy faithfulness shalt thou c
establish in the very heavens.
(b) As he who surely believed in heart.
(c) As your invisible heaven is not subject to
any alteration and change: so shall the truth of your promise be unchangeable.
89:3 d I
have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant,
(d) The prophet shows what the promise of God
was, on which he grounded his faith.
89:5 And the e
heavens shall praise thy wonders, O LORD: thy faithfulness also in the
congregation of the saints.
(e) The angels will praise your power and
faithfulness in delivering your Church.
89:6 For who in the heaven can be compared unto the
LORD? [who] among the g sons of the
mighty can be likened unto the LORD?
(g) Meaning, the angels.
89:7 God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of
the h saints, and to be had in reverence
of all [them that are] about him.
(h) If the angels tremble before God's majesty
and infinite justice, what earthly creature by oppressing the Church dares to
set himself against God?
Thou rulest the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, thou stillest
(i) For as he delivered the Church by the Red
sea, and by destroying Rahab, that is, the Egyptians, so will he deliver it,
when the dangers are great.
The north and the south thou hast created them: k
Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name.
(k) Tabor is a mountain west from Jerusalem, and
Hermon to the East, so the prophet signifies that all parts and places of the
world will obey God's power for the deliverance of his Church.
Justice and judgment [are] the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall
go before thy face.
(l) For by this he judges the world and shows
himself to be a merciful father and faithful protector to his.
89:15 Blessed [is] the people that m
know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of thy n
(m) Feeling in their conscience that God is their
(n) They will be preserved by your fatherly
89:17 For thou [art] the o
glory of their strength: and in thy favour our horn shall be exalted.
(o) In that they are preserved and continue, they
should give the praise and glory to you alone.
89:18 For the LORD [is] our p
defence; and the Holy One of Israel [is] our king.
(p) In that our King has power to defend us, it
is the gift of God.
89:19 Then thou spakest in vision to q
thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon [one that is] r
mighty; I have exalted [one] chosen out of the people.
(q) To Samuel and to others, to assure that David
was the chosen one.
(r) Whom I have both chosen and given strength to
execute his office, as in (Psalms
And I will s beat down his foes before
his face, and plague them that hate him.
(s) Though there will always be enemies against
God's kingdom yet he promises to overcome them.
89:24 But my faithfulness and my t
mercy [shall be] with him: and in my name shall his u
horn be exalted.
(t) I will mercifully perform my promise to him
despite his infirmities and offences.
(u) His power, glory and estate.
89:25 I will set his hand also in the sea, and his
right hand in the x rivers.
(x) He will enjoy the land around him.
89:26 He shall cry unto me, Thou [art] my y
father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.
(y) His excellent dignity will appear in this,
that he will be named the son of God and the firstborn in which he is a figure
His seed also will I make [to endure] z
for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven.
(z) Though for the sins of the people the state
of the kingdom decayed, yet God reserved still a root till he had accomplished
this promise in Christ.
a Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I
not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.
(a) Though the faithful answer not in all points
to their profession, yet God will not break his covenant with them.
89:34 My covenant will I not break, nor b
alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.
(b) For God in promising has respect to his
mercy, and not to man's power in performing.
It shall be established for ever as the moon, and [as] a faithful c
witness in heaven. Selah.
(c) As long as the Sun and Moon endure, they will
be witnesses to me of this promise.
89:39 Thou hast d
made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his e
crown [by casting it] to the ground.
(d) Because of the horrible confusion of things,
the prophet complains to God, as though he did not see the performance of his
promise and thus discharging his cares on God, he resists doubt and
(e) By this he means the horrible dissipation and
tearing of the kingdom which was under Jeroboam, or else by the Spirit of
prophecy Ethan speaks of those great miseries which came to pass soon after at
the captivity of Babylon.
The days of his f youth hast thou
shortened: thou hast covered him with shame. Selah.
(f) He shows that the kingdom fell before it came
to perfection or was ripe.
89:46 How long, g
LORD? wilt thou hide thyself for ever? shall thy wrath burn like fire?
(g) The prophet in joining prayer with his
complaint, shows that his faith never failed.
89:47 Remember h
how short my time is: wherefore hast thou made all men in vain?
(h) Seeing man's life is short, and you have
created man to bestow your benefits on him, unless you hasten to help, death
will prevent you.
Remember, Lord, the reproach of thy servants; [how] I do bear in my i
bosom [the reproach of] all the mighty people;
(i) He means that God's enemies not only
slandered him behind his back, but also mocked him to his face and as it were
cast their injuries in his bosom.
89:51 Wherewith k
thine enemies have reproached, O LORD; wherewith they have reproached the l
footsteps of thine anointed.
(k) So he calls them who persecute the Church.
(l) They laugh at us who patiently wait for the
coming of your Christ.