51:1 «To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David, when Nathan the prophet a came unto him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.» Have mercy upon me, O God, b according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions.
(a) To reprove him, because he had committed
horrible sins, and lain in the same without repentance more then a whole year.
(b) As his sins were many and great, so he
requires that God would give him the feeling of his excellent and abundant
51:2 Wash me c
throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.
(c) My sins strike so fast in me, that I have
need of some singular kind of washing.
51:3 For I d
acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin [is] ever before me.
(d) My conscience accuses me so, that I can have
no rest till I am reconciled.
51:4 Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and
done [this] evil in thy sight: that thou mightest be justified when thou e
speakest, [and] be clear when thou judgest.
(e) When you give sentence against sinners, they
must confess you to be just, and themselves sinners.
51:6 Behold, thou f
desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden [part] thou shalt make me
to know wisdom.
(f) He confesses that God who loves pureness of
heart, may justly destroy man, who by nature is a sinner much more him whom he
had instructed in his heavenly wisdom.
51:8 Make me to hear g
joy and gladness; [that] the h bones
[which] thou hast broken may rejoice.
(g) He means God's comfortable mercies toward
(h) By the bones he understands all strength of
soul and body, which by cares and mourning are consumed.
Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
(i) He confesses that when God's Spirit is cold
in us, to have it again revived, is as a new creation.
51:12 Restore unto me the joy
of thy salvation; and uphold me [with thy] k
(k) Which may assure me that I am drawn out of
the slavery of sin.
51:13 [Then] will I teach transgressors thy l
ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee.
(l) He promises to endeavour that others by his
example may turn to God.
51:14 Deliver me from m
bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: [and] my tongue shall sing
aloud of thy righteousness.
(m) From the murder of Uriah and the others who
were slain with him, (2 Samuel
51:15 O Lord, n
open thou my lips; and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise.
(n) By giving me opportunity to praise you, when
you will forgive my sins.
51:17 The sacrifices of God
[are] a o broken spirit: a broken and a
contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
(o) Which is a wounding of the heart, proceeding
from faith, which seeks God for mercy.
51:18 Do good in thy good pleasure unto p
Zion: build thou the walls of Jerusalem.
(p) He prays for the whole Church, because
through his sin it was in danger of God's judgment.
51:19 Then shalt thou be pleased with the
sacrifices of q righteousness, with
burnt offering and whole burnt offering: then shall they offer bullocks upon
(q) That is, just and lawful, applied to the
right end, which is the exercise of faith and repentance.