18:2 a The LORD [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, [and] my high tower.
(a) He uses this diversity of names to show that
as the wicked have many means to hurt, so God has many ways to help.
18:3 I will call upon the LORD, [who is worthy] to
be b praised: so shall I be saved from
(b) For no one can obtain their request from God
if they do not join his glory with their petition.
18:4 c The
sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid.
(c) He speaks of the dangers and malice of his
enemies from which God had delivered him.
Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and
were shaken, because he was wroth.
(d) A description of the wrath of God against his
enemies, after he had heard his prayer.
18:8 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and e
fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.
(e) He shows how horrible God's judgments will
be to the wicked.
18:9 He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and f
darkness [was] under his feet.
(f) Darkness signifies the wrath of God as the
clear light signifies God's favour.
18:10 And he rode upon a g
cherub, and did fly: yea, he did fly upon the wings of the wind.
(g) This is described at large in (Psalms
18:11 He made darkness his h
secret place; his pavilion round about him [were] dark waters [and] thick clouds
of the skies.
(h) As a king angry with the people, will not
show himself to them.
18:13 The LORD also thundered
in the heavens, and the Highest gave i
his voice; hail [stones] and coals of fire.
(i) Thunders, lightnings and hail.
18:14 Yea, he sent out k
his arrows, and scattered them; and he shot out lightnings, and discomfited
(k) His lightening.
18:15 Then the channels of waters were seen, and
the l foundations of the world were
discovered at thy rebuke, O LORD, at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.
(l) That is, the deep bottoms were seen when the
Red sea was divided.
18:16 He sent from above, he took me, he drew me
out of many m waters.
(m) Out of many great dangers.
18:17 He delivered me from my n
strong enemy, and from them which hated me: for they were o
too strong for me.
(n) That is, Saul.
(o) Therefore God sent me help.
18:19 He brought me forth
also into a large place; p he delivered
me, because he delighted in me.
(p) The cause of God's deliverance is his
favour and love for us.
18:20 The LORD rewarded me according to my q
righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.
(q) David was sure of his righteous cause and
good behaviour toward Saul and his enemies and therefore was assured of
God's favour and deliverance.
18:22 For all his judgments
[were] before me, and I did not put away his r
statutes from me.
(r) For all his dangers he exercised himself in
the law of God.
18:23 I was also upright before him, and I kept
myself from mine f iniquity.
(f) I neither gave place to their wicked
temptations nor to my own desires.
18:25 With the t
merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful; with an upright man thou wilt shew
(t) Here he speaks of God according to our
capacity, who shows mercy to his and punishes the wicked, as is also said in (Leviticus
18:27 For thou wilt save the
afflicted people; but wilt u bring down
(u) When their sin is come to the full measure.
18:29 For by thee I have x
run through a troop; and by my God have I leaped over a wall.
(x) He attributes it to God that he both got the
victory in the field and also destroyed the cities of his enemies.
18:30 [As for] God, his way [is] perfect: the y
word of the LORD is tried: he [is] a buckler to all those that trust in him.
(y) No matter how great or many the dangers may
be, yet God's promise must take effect.
18:32 [It is] God that
girdeth me with strength, and maketh my z
(z) He gives good success to all my enterprises.
18:33 He maketh my feet like hinds' [feet], and
setteth me upon my a high places.
(a) As towers and forts, which he took out of the
hands of God's enemies.
18:35 Thou hast also given me
the b shield of thy salvation: and thy
right hand hath holden me up, and thy c
gentleness hath made me great.
(b) To defend me from dangers.
(c) He attributed the beginning, continuance and
increase in well doing only to God's favour.
I have pursued mine enemies, and overtaken them: neither did I turn again till
they were consumed.
(d) David declares that he did nothing besides
his calling, but was stirred up by God's Spirit to execute his judgments.
Thou hast also e given me the necks of
mine enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.
(e) You have given them to my hands to be slain.
18:41 They f
cried, but [there was] none to save [them: even] unto the LORD, but he answered
(f) They who reject the cry of the afflicted, God
will also reject them when they cry for help, for either pain or fear causes
those hypocrites to cry.
18:43 Thou hast delivered me
from the strivings of the people; [and] thou hast made me the head of the g
heathen: a people [whom] I have not h
known shall serve me.
(g) Who dwell round about me.
(h) The kingdom of Christ is prefigured in
David's kingdom, who by the preaching of his word brings all to his
18:44 As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey
me: the strangers shall i submit
themselves unto me.
(i) Or lie: signifying a subjection constrained
and not voluntary.
18:45 The strangers shall k
fade away, and be afraid out of their close places.
(k) Fear will cause them to be afraid and come
forth from their secret holes and holds to seek pardon.
He delivereth me from mine enemies: yea, thou liftest me up above those that
rise up against me: thou hast delivered me from the l
(l) That is, Saul who out of malice persecuted
18:49 Therefore will m
I give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and sing praises unto thy
(m) This prophecy belongs to the kingdom of
Christ and calling of the Gentiles, as in (Romans
18:50 Great deliverance giveth he to his king; and
sheweth mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his n
seed for evermore.
(n) This did not properly belong to Solomon, but
to Jesus Christ.