38:1 Then the LORD answered Job out of the a whirlwind, and said,
(a) That his words might have greater majesty,
and that Job might know with whom he had to do.
38:2 Who [is] this that b
darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?
(b) Which by seeking out the secret counsel of
God by man's reason, makes it more obscure, and shows his own folly.
38:3 Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I c
will demand of thee, and answer thou me.
(c) Because he wished to dispute with God, (Job
23:3), God reasons with him, to declare his rashness.
38:4 Where wast thou when I d
laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.
(d) Seeing he could not judge those things which
were done so long before he was born, he was not able to comprehend all
God's works: much less the secret causes of his judgments.
When the morning stars e sang together,
and all the f sons of God shouted for
(e) The stars and dumb creatures are said to
praise God, because his power, wisdom and goodness is manifest and known in
(f) Meaning the angels.
38:9 When I made the cloud
the garment thereof, and thick darkness a g
swaddlingband for it,
(g) As though the great sea was but as a little
baby in the hands of God to turn to and fro.
38:11 And said, Hitherto
shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be h
(h) That is, God's decree and commandment as in
38:12 Hast thou commanded the i
morning since thy days; [and] caused the dayspring to know his place;
(i) That is, to rise, since you were born?
38:13 That it might take hold of the ends of the
earth, that the wicked might be k shaken
out of it?
(k) Who having in the night been given to
wickedness, cannot abide the light, but hide themselves.
38:14 It is turned as clay [to] the seal; l
and they stand as a garment.
(l) The earth which seemed in the night to have
no form by the rising of the sun, is as it were created anew, and all things
in it clad with new beauty.
38:16 Hast thou entered
into the springs of the sea? or hast thou walked in the search of the m
(m) If you are not able to seek out the depth of
the sea, how much less are you able to comprehend the counsel of God?
That thou n shouldest take it to the
bound thereof, and that thou shouldest know the paths [to] the house thereof?
(n) That you might appoint its highways and
Which I have reserved o against the time
of trouble, against the day of battle and war?
(o) To punish my enemies with them, (Exodus
The waters are hid p as [with] a stone,
and the face of the deep is frozen.
(p) The ice covers it, as though it were paved
38:31 Canst thou bind the sweet influences q
of Pleiades, or loose the bands of r
(q) Which rise when the sun is in Taurus, which
is the spring, and brings flowers.
(r) Which comes in winter.
38:32 Canst thou bring forth s
Mazzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide t
Arcturus with his sons?
(s) Certain stars so called, some think they were
the twelve signs.
(t) The north star with those that are about him.
38:33 Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst
thou set the u dominion thereof in the
(u) Can you cause the heavenly bodies to have any
power over the earthly bodies?
Who hath put wisdom in the x inward
parts? or who hath given understanding to the heart?
(x) In the secret parts of man.
38:37 Who can number the clouds in wisdom? or who
can stay the y bottles of heaven,
(y) That is, the clouds in which the water is
contained as in bottles.
38:38 When the dust groweth into hardness, z
and the clods cleave fast together?
(z) For when God does not open these bottles, the
earth comes to this inconvenience.
38:39 Wilt a
thou hunt the prey for the lion? or fill the appetite of the young lions,
(a) After he had declared God's works in the
heavens, he shows his marvellous providence in earth, even toward the brute
38:41 Who provideth for the
raven his food? when his young ones b
cry unto God, they wander for lack of meat.
(b) Read (Psalms