9:1 Now in the twelfth month, that [is], the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was a turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;)
(a) This was by God's great providence, who
turns the joy of the wicked into sorrow, and the tears of the godly into
9:3 And all the rulers of the
provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, b
helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.
(b) Honoured them and befriended them.
9:5 Thus the Jews smote all their
c enemies with the stroke of the sword,
and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto those that hated
(c) Who had conspired their death by the
permission of the wicked Haman.
9:6 And in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and
destroyed d five hundred men.
(d) Besides the three hundred that they slew the
second day, (Esther
The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew they;
but e on the spoil laid they not their
(e) By which they declared that this was God's
just judgment on the enemies of his Church as they fought not for their own
gain, but to execute his vengeance.
said Esther, If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jews which [are] in
Shushan to do to morrow also according f
unto this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the gallows.
(f) This she requires not out of a desire for
vengeance but with zeal to see God's judgment's executed against his
the other Jews that [were] in the king's provinces gathered themselves
together, and stood for g their lives,
and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their h
foes seventy and five thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey,
(g) Read (Esther
(h) Meaning, that they laid hands on no one that
was not the enemy of God.
9:17 On the i
thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same rested
they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.
(i) Meaning, in all places saving Shushan.
9:19 Therefore the Jews of the
villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, k
made the fourteenth day of the month Adar [a day of] gladness and feasting, and
a good day, and of sending portions one to another.
(k) As the Jews do even to this day, calling it
in the Persian language Purim, that is, the day of lots.
9:20 And Mordecai wrote l
these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that [were] in all the
provinces of the king Ahasuerus, [both] nigh and far,
(l) The Jews gather from this that Mordecai wrote
this book, but it seems that he wrote only these letters and decrees that
9:22 As the days wherein the
Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from
sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that they should make them
days of feasting and joy, and of m
sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.
(m) He sets before our eyes the use of this feast
which was for the remembrance of God's deliverance, the maintenance of
mutual friendship and relief of the poor.
9:24 Because Haman the son of
Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews
to destroy them, and had n cast Pur,
that [is], the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;
(n) Read (Esther
9:25 But when o
[Esther] came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked p
device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and
that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.
(o) That is, Esther.
(p) These are the words of the kings commandment
to disannul Haman's wicked enterprise.
9:27 The Jews ordained, and
took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such as joined themselves unto
them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep these two q
days according to their writing, and according to their [appointed] time every
(q) Meaning, the fourteenth and fifteenth days of
the month of Adar.
he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven provinces
of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, [with] r
words of peace and truth,
(r) Which were letters declaring to them
quietness and assurance and putting them out of doubt and fear.
9:31 To confirm these days of Purim in their times
[appointed], according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined
them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of
the s fastings and their cry.
(s) That they would observe this feast with
fasting and earnest prayer, which in Hebrew is signified by this word (they