13:1 Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam began Abijah to reign over a Judah.
(a) He means Judah and Benjamin.
13:2 He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His
mother's name also [was] b Michaiah
the daughter of c Uriel of Gibeah. And
there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam.
(b) Or Maacah, (1 Kings
(c) Called also Absalom, for Absalom was her
grandfather, (1 Kings
13:4 And Abijah stood up
upon mount d Zemaraim, which [is] in
mount Ephraim, and said, Hear me, thou Jeroboam, and all Israel;
(d) Which was one of the peaks of mount Ephraim.
13:5 Ought ye not to know that the LORD God of
Israel gave the kingdom over Israel to e
David for ever, [even] to him and to his sons by a covenant of salt?
(e) Therefore whoever usurps it or takes it from
that stock transgresses the ordinance of the Lord. Thus like a hypocrite he
alleges the word of God for his advantage.
13:7 And there are
gathered unto him g vain men, the
children of Belial, and have strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of
Solomon, when Rehoboam was h young and
tenderhearted, and could not withstand them.
(g) This word in the Chaldee tongue is Racha,
which our saviour uses, (Matthew
(h) Meaning, in heart and courage.
13:9 Have ye not cast out
the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and have made you
priests after the manner of the nations of [other] lands? so that whosoever
cometh to consecrate himself with a i
young bullock and seven rams, [the same] may be a priest of [them that are] no
(i) He shows the nature of idolaters who take no
trial of the calling, life and doctrine of their ministers, but think the most
vile and greatest beasts sufficient to serve their turn.
13:11 And they burn
unto the LORD every k morning and every
evening burnt sacrifices and sweet incense: the shewbread also [set they in
order] upon the pure table; and the candlestick of gold with the lamps thereof,
to burn every evening: for we keep the charge of the LORD our God; but ye have
(k) As it was appointed in the law, (Exodus
13:12 And, behold, God himself [is] l
with us for [our] captain, and his priests with sounding trumpets to cry alarm
against you. O children of Israel, fight ye not against the LORD God of your
fathers; for ye shall not prosper.
(l) Because their cause was good and approved by
the Lord, they did not doubt the success and victory.
13:13 But Jeroboam caused an ambushment m
to come about behind them: so they were before Judah, and the ambushment [was]
(m) Contemning the good counsel which came from
the Spirit of God, he thought to have overcome by deceit.
Thus the children of Israel were brought under at that time, and the children of
Judah prevailed, n because they relied
upon the LORD God of their fathers.
(n) He shows that the stay of all kingdoms and
assurance of victories depends on our trust and confidence in the Lord.