11:1 And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the a seed royal.
(a) Meaning, all the posterity of Jehoshaphat, to
whom the kingdom belonged: thus God used the cruelty of this woman to destroy
the family of Ahab.
11:2 But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram,
sister of Ahaziah, b took Joash the son
of Ahaziah, and stole him from among the king's sons [which were] slain; and
they hid him, [even] him and his nurse, in c
the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.
(b) The Lord promised to maintain the family of
David, and not to quench the light of it, therefore he moved the heart of
Jehosheba to preserve him.
(c) Where the priests slept.
11:4 And the seventh
year d Jehoiada sent and fetched the
rulers over hundreds, with the captains and the guard, and brought them to him
into the house of the LORD, and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of
them in the house of the LORD, and shewed them the king's son.
(d) The chief priest, Jehosheba's husband.
11:5 And he commanded them, saying, This [is]
the thing that ye shall do; A third part of e
you that enter in on the sabbath shall f
even be keepers of the watch of the king's house;
(e) Of the Levites, who had charge of the keeping
of the temple, and kept watch by course.
(f) That no one should come on them, while they
were crowning the king.
11:6 And a third part [shall be] at the gate of
g Sur; and a third part at the gate
behind the guard: so shall ye keep the watch of the house, that it be not broken
(g) Called the east gate of the temple, (2 Chronicles
11:7 And two parts of all you that h
go forth on the sabbath, even they shall keep the watch of the house of the LORD
about the king.
(h) Whose charge is ended.
11:9 And the captains
over the hundreds did according to all [things] that Jehoiada the priest
commanded: and they took every man his men that were to come in on the sabbath,
with them that should go out on the i
sabbath, and came to Jehoiada the priest.
(i) Read (2 Kings
11:10 And to the captains over hundreds did the k
priest give king David's spears and shields, that [were] in the temple of the
(k) That is, Jehoiada.
11:12 And he
brought forth l the king's son, and
put the crown upon him, and [gave him] m
the testimony; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their
hands, and said, God save the king.
(l) That is, Joash, who had been kept secret six
(m) Meaning, the law of God, which is his chief
charge, and by which only his throne is established.
11:14 And when she
looked, behold, the king stood by a n
pillar, as the manner [was], and the princes and the trumpeters by the king, and
all the people of the land rejoiced, and blew with trumpets: and Athaliah rent
her clothes, and cried, Treason, Treason.
(n) Where the king's place was in the temple.
11:15 But Jehoiada the priest commanded the
captains of the hundreds, the officers of the host, and said unto them, Have her
forth without the ranges: and him that o
followeth her kill with the sword. For the priest had said, Let her not be slain
in the house of the LORD.
(o) To take her part.
11:17 And Jehoiada
made a p covenant between the LORD and
the king and the people, that they should be the LORD'S people; between the q
king also and the people.
(p) That both the king and the people should
maintain the true worship of God and destroy all idolatry.
(q) That he should govern and they obey in the
fear of God.
11:18 And all the people of the land went into
the house of Baal, and brake it down; his altars and his images brake they in
pieces thoroughly, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the r
altars. And the s priest appointed
officers over the house of the LORD.
(r) Even in the place where he had blasphemed
God, and thought to have been helped by his idol, there God poured his
vengeance on him.
(s) That is, Jehoiada.
11:20 And all the
people of the land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet: t
and they slew Athaliah with the sword [beside] the king's house.
(t) Who by his cruelty and persecution had
troubled the whole land.