20:1 And there happened to be a there a man of Belial, whose name [was] Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in b David, neither have we inheritance in the son c of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel.
(a) Where the ten tribes contended against Judah.
(b) As they of Judah say.
(c) He thought by speaking contemptuously of the
king, to stir the people farther to sedition, or else by causing Israel to
depart, thought that they of Judah would have esteemed him less.
20:2 So every man of Israel went up from after
David, [and] followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto
their king, from d Jordan even to
(d) From Gilgal which was near Jordan.
20:4 Then said the
king to e Amasa, Assemble me the men of
Judah within three days, and be thou here present.
(e) Who was his chief captain in Joab's place,
20:6 And David said to
Abishai, Now shall Sheba the son of Bichri do us more harm than [did] Absalom:
take thou thy f lord's servants, and
pursue after him, lest he get him fenced cities, and escape us.
(f) Either those who had been under Joab or
20:8 When they [were]
at the great stone which [is] in Gibeon, Amasa went before them. And Joab's g
garment that he had put on was girded unto him, and upon it a girdle [with] a
sword fastened upon his loins in the sheath thereof; and as he went forth it
(g) Which was his coat, that he used to wear in
And one of Joab's men h stood by him,
and said, He that favoureth Joab, and he that [is] for David, [let him go] after
(h) He stood by Amasa at Joab's appointment.
And he went through all the tribes of Israel unto Abel, and to i
Bethmaachah, and all the Berites: and they were gathered together, and went also
(i) To the city Abel, which was near Bethmaachah.
20:15 And they came and besieged him in Abel
of Bethmaachah, and they cast up a bank against the city, and it stood in the
trench: and all the people that [were] with Joab k
battered the wall, to throw it down.
(k) That is, he went about to overthrow it.
Then she spake, saying, l They were wont
to speak in old time, saying, They shall surely ask [counsel] at Abel: and so
they ended [the matter].
(l) She shows that the old custom was not to
destroy a city before peace was offered, (Deuteronomy
20:19 I [am m
one of them that are] peaceable [and] faithful in Israel: thou seekest to
destroy a city and a mother in Israel: why wilt thou swallow up the inheritance
of the LORD?
(m) She speaks in the name of the city.
20:21 The n
matter [is] not so: but a man of mount Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name,
hath lifted up his hand against the king, [even] against David: deliver him
only, and I will depart from the city. And the woman said unto Joab, Behold, his
head shall be thrown to thee over the wall.
(n) Hearing his fault, he gave in to reason, and
required only he that was instigator of the treason.
And Ira also the Jairite was a o chief
ruler about David.
(o) Either in dignity or familiarity.