49:1 And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you [that] which shall befall you
in the (a) last days.
(a) When God will bring you out of Egypt, and
because he speaks of the Messiah, he calls it the last days.
49:3 Reuben, thou [art] my
firstborn, my b might, and the beginning
of my strength, c the excellency of
dignity, and the excellency of power:
(b) Begotten in my youth.
(c) If you have not left your birthright by your
49:6 O my
soul, come not thou into their d secret;
unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they
slew a e man, and in their selfwill they
digged down a wall.
(d) Or, tongue: meaning that he neither consented
to them in word or thought.
(e) The Shechemites (Genesis
49:7 Cursed [be] their anger, for [it was] fierce;
and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will f
divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.
(f) For Levi had no part, and Simeon was under
19:1) till God gave them the place of the Amalekites, (1 Chronicles
49:8 Judah, thou [art he] whom thy brethren shall
praise: thy hand [shall be] in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's
children shall g bow down before thee.
(g) As was verified in David and Christ.
49:9 Judah [is] a lion's whelp: from the prey, my
son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old
lion; h who shall rouse him up?
(h) His enemies will so fear him.
49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor
a lawgiver from between his feet, until i
Shiloh come; and unto him [shall] the gathering of the people [be].
(i) Which is Christ the Messiah, the giver of
prosperity who will call the Gentiles to salvation.
49:11 Binding his foal unto the k
vine, and his ass's colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine,
and his clothes in the blood of grapes:
(k) A country most abundant with vines and
pastures is promised to him.
Issachar [is] l a strong ass couching
down between two burdens:
(l) His force will be great, but he will lack
courage to resist his enemies.
49:16 Dan m
shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel.
(m) Shall have the honour of a tribe.
I have waited for thy salvation, O LORD.
(o) Seeing the miseries that his posterity would
fall into, he bursts out in prayer to God to remedy it.
49:20 Out of Asher his p
bread [shall be] fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.
(p) He will abound in corn and pleasant fruits.
49:21 Naphtali [is] a hind let loose: he giveth q
(q) Overcoming more by fair words than by force.
The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot [at him], and hated him:
(r) As his brethren when they were his enemies,
Potiphar and others.
49:24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms
of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty [God] of Jacob; (from
thence [is] the shepherd, the s stone of
(s) That is God.
49:26 The blessings of thy
father have t prevailed above the
blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they
shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was u
separate from his brethren.
(t) In as much as he was closer to the
accomplishment of the promise and it had been more often confirmed.
(u) Either in dignity, or when he was sold from
And when Jacob had made an end of commanding his sons, he x
gathered up his feet into the bed, and yielded up the ghost, and was gathered
unto his people.
(x) By which is signified how quietly he died.