37:1 And Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a a stranger, in the land of Canaan.
(a) That is, the story of such things as came to
him and his family as in (Genesis
37:2 These [are] the generations of Jacob. Joseph,
[being] seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brethren; and the
lad [was] with the sons of Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, his father's
wives: and Joseph brought unto his father their evil b
(b) He complained of the evil words and injuries
which they spoke and did to him.
Joseph c dreamed a dream, and he told
[it] his brethren: and they hated him yet the more.
(c) God revealed to him by a dream what should
come to pass.
his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign over us? or shalt thou indeed
have dominion over us? And they d hated
him yet the more for his dreams, and for his words.
(d) The more God shows himself favourable to his
own, the more the malice of the wicked rages against them.
37:10 And he told [it] to his
father, and to his brethren: and his father e
rebuked him, and said unto him, What [is] this dream that thou hast dreamed?
Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to
thee to the earth?
(e) Not despising the vision, but seeking to
appease his brethren.
37:11 And his brethren envied him; but his father f
observed the saying.
(f) He knew that God was the author of the dream,
but he did not understand the meaning.
And when they saw him afar off, even before he came near
unto them, they (g) conspired against him to slay
(g) The Holy Spirit does not cover the faults of
men, as vain writers do, who make virtues out of vices.
And they took him, and cast h him into a
pit: and the pit [was] empty, [there was] no water in it.
(h) Their hypocrisy appears in this that they
feared man more than God: and thought it was not murder, if they did not shed
his blood or had excuses to cover their fault.
Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph
out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the i
Ishmeelites for twenty [pieces] of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.
(i) Moses writes according to the opinion of
those who took the Midianites and Ishmaelites to be one, and here mixes their
names: as also appears in (Genesis
37:36,39:1) or else he was first offered to the Midianites, but sold to
And they sent the coat of [many] colours, k
and they brought [it] to their father; and said, This have we found: know now
whether it [be] thy son's coat or no.
(k) That is, the messengers who were sent.
And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an l
officer of Pharaoh's, [and] captain of the guard.
(l) Or "eunuch", which does not always
signify a man that is gelded, but also someone that is in some high position.