At length Samuel dies.
This forms an epoch, because he who was the true link
between the people and God was gone. Israel acknowledged
him when dead, although they had despised him while
compared with that of Jonathan: her acknowledgment of
David in rejection
And now David's position
changes, and Abigail is brought in. Jonathan never
separated from the system in which he stood, never united
himself to David, although loving him, and never shared
his sufferings. But Abigail identifies herself with him;
existing relationships do not prevent her acknowledging
David; and she is united to him after her husband's death.
Jonathan prefigures the remnant in the character of the
remnant of Israel, who acknowledge the future king, and
adhere to him, but go no farther. As regards old Israel
they come to nothing with it; they will be blessed as
reigned over in the kingdom, but not be associated with
Christ on the throne. Jonathan does not suffer with David,
and does not reign with him. He remains with Saul, and,
as to that position, his career ends with Saul. Abigail,
and even the malcontents who joined David, shared his
sufferings. Abigail separates herself completely from the
spirit of her husband; and it is on account of her faith
and wisdom that David spares Nabal's life. God judges the
latter, and then Abigail becomes the wife of David.
Historically David had
nearly failed in his high standing. In fact it is on
account of the faithful remnant, the Abigail of the
foolish nation, that Israel itself has been spared; and
the Lord's connection with the assembly is in the
character of pure grace, not in that of the avenger (as
hereafter with Israel). At this time it is that David,
during his rejection, surrounds himself with those who
will be the companions and the retinue of his glory in
the kingdom. But he also takes a wife.
Abigail speaks of Saul as
a man. Jehovah, she says, will make a sure house to David.
This is the intelligence of faith . It is the truth of God's counsels (2 Sam.
7: 11), and in its fulness, as to this. She was forming
for herself, without knowing it, the position of the
assembly, in the future she was preparing for herself .
 In fact, when the
priesthood had been judged, nothing remained for faith,
which apprehended the mind of God, except the prophet
Samuel and the king given by God, David. Abigail
understands this. The assembly should think as God
Himself thinks, in spite of existing circumstances.
Abigail thinks nothing of Saul. Samuel is dead; David is
now everything to her. "The law and the prophets
were until John. Since that time the kingdom of heaven is
preached, and every man presseth into it." Where
were the high priests and all their company? Nevertheless
the Lord submitted to them as to an ordinance, as David
did to Saul.
 She takes a much
more humble place than Jonathan did, and one which, even
at the time, acknowledged David much more fully. It is
not a friend like Jonathan; it is a submissive soul which,
in spirit, gives David his place according to God, taking
her own place before him. It is exactly that which
distinguishes the spirit of the assemblyof the true
In Jonathan we see the
remnant under the Jewish aspect. But Abigail enters into
the spirit of God's purposes respecting David, although
he was now in distress; and David, who, while thoroughly
submissive, can act according to the faith that owns him,
hears her voice, and accepts her person.
Let us mark the features
of Abigail's faith. All rests upon her appreciation of
David (it is this which forms a Christian's judgmentin
every respect he appreciates Christ); his title as owned
of God; his personal perfection; and that which belonged
to him according to the counsels of God. She thinks of
him according to all the good which God has spoken of him;
she sees him fighting God's battles, where others only
see a rebel against Saul; and all this from her heart.
She judges Nabal, and looks upon him as already judged of
God on account of this, for with her everything is judged
according to its connection with David is. 26); a
judgment which God accomplishes ten days later, although
Nabal was at peace in his own house, and David an exile
and outcast Nevertheless the relation of Abigail to Nabal
is recognised until God executes judgment. She judges
Saul. He is but a man, because, to her faith, David is
king. All her desire is that David may remember her
Jonathan says, when he goes out to David, "I shall
be next unto thee" and David abides in the wood,
while Jonathan returns to his house In the order of
things which God had judged (a judgment that faith
recognised) he remains with his family and shares its
ruin. This is important to a Christian. For instance, he
respects, in so far as based on Gods authority,
official Christianitywhich, in the world, is the
religion of God while God bears with itand does not
stand up against it. As to faith and personal walk, this
Christianity is nothing at all just as Saul was only a
man to Abigail's faith.