Jerusalem justly condemned and humbled by Samaria and Sodom; Jehovah's sovereign grace
In reading chapter 16 it
must be remembered that Jerusalem is the subject, and not
Israel. Moreover, the subject treated of is not
redemption, but God's dealings. He had caused to live, He
had cleansed, ornamented, and anointed, that which was in
misery and devoid of beauty. But Jerusalem had used all
that Jehovah had given her in the service of her idols,
and also to purchase the succour and the favour of the
Egyptians and the Assyrians. She has had no idea of
independence and of standing alone, leaning on Jehovah.
She should be judged as an adulterous woman. Jehovah
would bring against her those whom she had sought.
Nevertheless, filled with pride, she would hear nothing
of Samaria or of Sodomnames which Jehovah now uses
to humble her. She was even more worthless than those
whom she must own for her sisters, in spite of her pride.
Jerusalem being thus justly condemned and humbled, God
will yet act in full grace towards her, and will
re-establish her, remembering His love and His covenant.
She will never be restored on the former ground, any more
than Samaria or Sodom; and the grace that will be
exercised towards her shall suffice to bring them back
also, namely, the sovereign grace of redemption and
pardon, which is by no means the covenant of Jerusalem
under the law. With Jerusalem Jehovah will also establish
a special covenant, and her two sisters shall be given
her for daughters. Her mouth shall be shut at the thought
of all the grace of God who shall have pardoned her. The
fifty-fifth verse is absolute and perpetual. The promise,
in verse 60, is on entirely new ground. Samaria, Sodom,
Jerusalem, go together in judgment; but sovereign grace
has its own way and time, and thus all three might be and
would be restored, but Jehovah would establish His
covenant with Jerusalem. The free unconditional covenant
of promise would be made good to Jerusalem (chap. 16:8).