The following commentary covers Chapters 9, 10, 11, and 12.
chastisement by the Assyrian rod: the destruction of the
In chapter 9: 8 the
Spirit, having given the great leading facts as to
Messiah, Immanuel, resumes the general history of Israel
without any special introduction of the Messiah till
towards the end. This prophecy closes with chapter 12.
Although the pride of Ephraim is mentioned, yet Jacob or
Israel is looked at as a whole. The different phases of
chastisement or of distress are in verses 8-12, 13-17,
18-21, and chapter 10: 1-4. The Assyrian then re-appears,
as being properly the rod of Jehovah; and it is
announced, that when God shall have accomplished all that
He had determined with respect to Zion (an accomplishment
not here revealed), He will break the rod that He has
used, and then the remnant shall seek Jehovah, and shall
"stay upon" Him. This is the final act of the
great drama of God's dealings with respect to Israel.
There is a consumption decreed of God for the land. But
when at length the Assyrian lifts up his hand, Jehovah
comes in and smites him. And the indignation of Jehovah,
and His anger against Israel, which till now had never
been turned away, will come to an end in the destruction
of this rod that magnified itself against the Lord who
used it. Verse 25 is in contrast with chapter 9: 12, 17,
21, and chapter 10: 4. Sennacherib was a type of this.
But it is a prophecy of the destruction of the Assyrian
in the last days, when the indignation against Israel
Messiah and the
Consequently we have, in
chapters 11, 12, the Messiah and His reign, the source of
the millennial blessing of the people of God. The first
verses of chapter 11 give His character; afterwards it is
the effect of His reign.