The following commentary covers Chapters 22 and 23.
The songs that follow
contain instruction of deep interest. In chapter 22 David
comes forth from his sufferings and his affliction with a
song of triumph and of praise. He had learnt what God was
in his sufferings. He celebrates all that God had been
for him, all that he had found Him to be in his
necessities and dangers, the effect of God's power on his
behalf, and the glorious and blessed result of this power.
All this is given in a song, the expression of which will
only be fully accomplished in Christ Himself.
In chapter 23 he
celebrates his prosperity. But what a difference! He
declares, it is true, what Christ will be when He reigns;
and he does so in language of most attractive beauty, a
beauty which ravishes the mind and transports it into the
reign of Christ, that blessed "world to come of
which we speak." But then this sorrowful thought
presents itself"my house is not so with God."
The song of
triumph and praise for what God had: the sufferings of
In the first of these two
songs there is something more of profound interest. David
speaks as a prophet; and, as he had done in so many other
instances, he personifies the Lord Jesus, the Lord Jesus
in connection with Israel. This song then sets before us
the sufferings of Christ (as the representative of Israel,
and often speaking of the nation as though it were
Himself), sufferings which obtained also other
deliverance of far surpassing excellence, as the cause of
the deliverance out of Egypt and of all Israel's
blessings, until the establishment of Messiah's glory in
the age to come. He surrounds the agony of Christ with
the whole history of Israel in salvation and in blessing,
from Pithom and Rameses unto the destruction of the
violent man at the end of days, and the submission of the
nations to Messiah's sceptre; and he gives a voice to
their distress in Egypt.
song looks on to the coming of Christ: judgment executed
before full blessing
In chapter 23 the covenant
is, "all his salvation and all his desire,"
although at that time "he made it not to grow."
Judgment must be executed ere the full blessing he
expected could be brought in; and these thorns of
iniquity must be "utterly burned in the same place."
This will take place at the coming of Christ.
David's mighty men
If God honours and
glorifies David, He does not forget those whom the energy
of David's faith had brought around him. The Holy Ghost
enumerates the mighty men of David, and recounts their
deeds of valour and devotednessdeeds which obtain a
name and a place for them when God writes up the people (Psalm
87). Joab is not among them.