The following commentary covers Chapters 22, 23, and 24.
heir of the promise sacrificed and raised again in
figure; call of the appointed Bride
But on this introduction
of the heir, he necessarily becomes the main subject; and
chapter 22 opens with it: "It came to pass after
these things," for, indeed, a new scene now opens.
The heir of the promise is sacrificed and raised again in
figure, and the promise is confirmed to the seed. The ancient depositary or form of
the covenant (even that of promise), mother of the heir
(Sarah), now disappears. Abraham sends Eliezer, the
steward of his house, to seek a wife for the risen heir,
for his only son Isaac, from the country whither Isaac
was not to returnin the world such as it is:
beautiful figure of the mission of the Holy Spirit, who,
fulfilling His office (after the Lord's death and
resurrection) with the elect of God who are to form the
Lamb's wife in the counsels of God, conducts her (already
adorned with His gifts, but waiting the moment when she
shall see Him who is heir of all things that belong to
His Father) across the desert to her heavenly bridegroom.
The call and readiness of the appointed bride is
beautifully depicted, and she goes with him, who
prefigures the Spirit, to the bridegroom who is heir of
all. But mark how false and wretched the position of the
espoused wife, if Isaac had lost his hold upon her
hearther home in nature left, and she in the
wilderness with one who was nothing to her, if not her
guide to Isaac. The walk of the Spirit, moreover, in man,
is depicted in the most instructive manner in the details
of this history, in the conduct of Eliezer: his simple
subjection to what was for him the word of God even when
all seemed well (vers. 21-23); heart-reference in
thankfulness to God the first feeling (ver. 26); purpose
of heart in service (ver. 33), and the like.
This distinct confirmation to (not in) the seed, is what
the apostle refers to as the one seed, that is Christ.
The general promises as to Israel were of a seed as the
stars of heaven for number. This is the confirmation to
the one seed, when risen, of the promise given in chapter