Leviticus 22-23 Revised Standard Version

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The Holiness of the Offerings

22 1  And the Lord said to Moses, 2  "Tell Aaron and his sons to keep away from the holy things of the people of Israel, which they dedicate to me, so that they may not profane my holy name; I am the Lord. 3  Say to them, 'If any one of all your descendants throughout your generations approaches the holy things, which the people of Israel dedicate to the Lord, while he has an uncleanness, that person shall be cut off from my presence: I am the Lord. 4  None of the line of Aaron who is a leper or suffers a discharge may eat of the holy things until he is clean. Whoever touches anything that is unclean through contact with the dead or a man who has had an emission of semen, 5  and whoever touches a creeping thing by which he may be made unclean or a man from whom he may take uncleanness, whatever his uncleanness may be-- 6  the person who touches any such shall be unclean until the evening and shall not eat of the holy things unless he has bathed his body in water. 7  When the sun is down he shall be clean; and afterward he may eat of the holy things, because such are his food. 8  That which dies of itself or is torn by beasts he shall not eat, defiling himself by it: I am the Lord.' 9  They shall therefore keep my charge, lest they bear sin for it and die thereby when they profane it: I am the Lord who sanctify them.

10  "An outsider shall not eat of a holy thing. A sojourner of the priest's or a hired servant shall not eat of a holy thing; 11  but if a priest buys a slave as his property for money, the slave may eat of it; and those that are born in his house may eat of his food. 12  If a priest's daughter is married to an outsider she shall not eat of the offering of the holy things. 13  But if a priest's daughter is a widow or divorced, and has no child, and returns to her father's house, as in her youth, she may eat of her father's food; yet no outsider shall eat of it. 14  And if a man eats of a holy thing unwittingly, he shall add the fifth of its value to it, and give the holy thing to the priest. 15  The priests shall not profane the holy things of the people of Israel, which they offer to the Lord, 16  and so cause them to bear iniquity and guilt, by eating their holy things: for I am the Lord who sanctify them."

17  And the Lord said to Moses, 18  "Say to Aaron and his sons and all the people of Israel, When any one of the house of Israel or of the sojourners in Israel presents his offering, whether in payment of a vow or as a freewill offering which is offered to the Lord as a burnt offering, 19  to be accepted you shall offer a male without blemish, of the bulls or the sheep or the goats. 20  You shall not offer anything that has a blemish, for it will not be acceptable for you. 21  And when any one offers a sacrifice of peace offerings to the Lord, to fulfil a vow or as a freewill offering, from the herd or from the flock, to be accepted it must be perfect; there shall be no blemish in it. 22  Animals blind or disabled or mutilated or having a discharge or an itch or scabs, you shall not offer to the Lord or make of them an offering by fire upon the altar to the Lord. 23  A bull or a lamb which has a part too long or too short you may present for a freewill offering; but for a votive offering it cannot be accepted. 24  Any animal which has its testicles bruised or crushed or torn or cut, you shall not offer to the Lord or sacrifice within your land; 25  neither shall you offer as the bread of your God any such animals gotten from a foreigner. Since there is a blemish in them, because of their mutilation, they will not be accepted for you." 26  And the Lord said to Moses, 27  "When a bull or sheep or goat is born, it shall remain seven days with its mother; and from the eighth day on it shall be acceptable as an offering by fire to the Lord. 28  And whether the mother is a cow or a ewe, you shall not kill both her and her young in one day. 29  And when you sacrifice a sacrifice of thanksgiving to the Lord, you shall sacrifice it so that you may be accepted. 30  It shall be eaten on the same day, you shall leave none of it until morning: I am the Lord. 31  "So you shall keep my commandments and do them: I am the Lord. 32  And you shall not profane my holy name, but I will be hallowed among the people of Israel; I am the Lord who sanctify you, 33  who brought you out of the land of Egypt to be your God: I am the Lord."

The Appointed Feasts

23 1  The Lord said to Moses, 2  "Say to the people of Israel, The appointed feasts of the Lord which you shall proclaim as holy convocations, my appointed feasts, are these. 3  Six days shall work be done; but on the seventh day is a sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation; you shall do no work; it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings.

4  "These are the appointed feasts of the Lord, the holy convocations, which you shall proclaim at the time appointed for them 5  In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening, is the Lord's passover. 6  And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread to the Lord; seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7  On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work. 8  But you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord seven days; on the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work." 9  And the Lord said to Moses, 10  "Say to the people of Israel, When you come into the land which I give you and reap its harvest, you shall bring the sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest; 11  and he shall wave the sheaf before the Lord, that you may find acceptance; on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12  And on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb a year old without blemish as a burnt offering to the Lord. 13  And the cereal offering with it shall be two tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, to be offered by fire to the Lord, a pleasing odor; and the drink offering with it shall be of wine, a fourth of a hin. 14  And you shall eat neither bread nor grain parched or fresh until this same day, until you have brought the offering of your God: it is a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings

15  "And you shall count from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven full weeks shall they be, 16  counting fifty days to the morrow after the seventh sabbath; then you shall present a cereal offering of new grain to the Lord. 17  You shall bring from your dwellings two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two tenths of an ephah; they shall be of fine flour, they shall be baked with leaven, as first fruits to the Lord. 18  And you shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, and one young bull, and two rams; they shall be a burnt offering to the Lord, with their cereal offering and their drink offerings, an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord. 19  And you shall offer one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings 20  And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the first fruits as a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs; they shall be holy to the Lord for the priest. 21  And you shall make proclamation on the same day; you shall hold a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work: it is a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations 22  "And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field to its very border, nor shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest; you shall leave them for the poor and for the stranger: I am the Lord your God."

23  And the Lord said to Moses, 24  "Say to the people of Israel, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of solemn rest, a memorial proclaimed with blast of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25  You shall do no laborious work; and you shall present an offering by fire to the Lord." 26  And the Lord said to Moses, 27  "On the tenth day of this seventh month is the day of atonement; it shall be for you a time of holy convocation, and you shall afflict yourselves and present an offering by fire to the Lord. 28  And you shall do no work on this same day; for it is a day of atonement, to make atonement for you before the Lord your God. 29  For whoever is not afflicted on this same day shall be cut off from his people. 30  And whoever does any work on this same day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31  You shall do no work: it is a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 32  It shall be to you a sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict yourselves; on the ninth day of the month beginning at evening, from evening to evening shall you keep your sabbath."

33  And the Lord said to Moses, 34  "Say to the people of Israel, On the fifteenth day of this seventh month and for seven days is the feast of booths to the Lord. 35  On the first day shall be a holy convocation; you shall do no laborious work. 36  Seven days you shall present offerings by fire to the Lord; on the eighth day you shall hold a holy convocation and present an offering by fire to the Lord; it is a solemn assembly; you shall do no laborious work 37  "These are the appointed feasts of the Lord, which you shall proclaim as times of holy convocation, for presenting to the Lord offerings by fire, burnt offerings and cereal offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings, each on its proper day; 38  besides the sabbaths of the Lord, and besides your gifts, and besides all your votive offerings, and besides all your freewill offerings, which you give to the Lord 39  "On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the produce of the land, you shall keep the feast of the Lord seven days; on the first day shall be a solemn rest, and on the eighth day shall be a solemn rest. 40  And you shall take on the first day the fruit of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and boughs of leafy trees, and willows of the brook; and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God seven days. 41  You shall keep it as a feast to the Lord seven days in the year; it is a statute for ever throughout your generations; you shall keep it in the seventh month. 42  You shall dwell in booths for seven days; all that are native in Israel shall dwell in booths, 43  that your generations may know that I made the people of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God." 44  Thus Moses declared to the people of Israel the appointed feasts of the Lord.

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