Matthew 5-6 Darby’s Translation

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The Beginning of the Sermon on the Mount

5 1  But seeing the crowds, he went up into the mountain, and having sat down, his disciples came to him; 2  and, having opened his mouth, he taught them, saying,

The Beatitudes

3  Blessed [are] the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of the heavens. 4  Blessed they that mourn, for they shall be comforted. 5  Blessed the meek, for they shall inherit the earth. 6  Blessed they who hunger and thirst after righteousness, for they shall be filled. 7  Blessed the merciful, for they shall find mercy. 8  Blessed the pure in heart, for they shall see God. 9  Blessed the peace-makers, for they shall be called sons of God. 10  Blessed they who are persecuted on account of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of the heavens. 11  Blessed are ye when they may reproach and persecute you, and say every wicked thing against you, lying, for my sake. 12  Rejoice and exult, for your reward is great in the heavens; for thus have they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

The Salt of the Earth

13  Ye are the salt of the earth; but if the salt have become insipid, wherewith shall it be salted? It is no longer fit for anything but to be cast out and to be trodden under foot by men.

The Light of the World

14  Ye are the light of the world: a city situated on the top of a mountain cannot be hid. 15  Nor do [men] light a lamp and put it under the bushel, but upon the lamp-stand, and it shines for all who are in the house. 16  Let your light thus shine before men, so that they may see your upright works, and glorify your Father who is in the heavens.

Jesus' Attitude toward the Law

17  Think not that I am come to make void the law or the prophets; I am not come to make void, but to fulfil. 18  For verily I say unto you, Until the heaven and the earth pass away, one iota or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law till all come to pass. 19  Whosoever then shall do away with one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of the heavens; but whosoever shall practise and teach [them], he shall be called great in the kingdom of the heavens. 20  For I say unto you, that unless your righteousness surpass [that] of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no wise enter into the kingdom of the heavens.

Jesus' Attitude toward Anger

21  Ye have heard that it was said to the ancients, Thou shalt not kill; but whosoever shall kill shall be subject to the judgment. 22  But I say unto you, that every one that is lightly angry with his brother shall be subject to the judgment; but whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be subject to [be called before] the sanhedrim; but whosoever shall say, Fool, shall be subject to the penalty of the hell of fire. 23  If therefore thou shouldest offer thy gift at the altar, and there shouldest remember that thy brother has something against thee, 24  leave there thy gift before the altar, and first go, be reconciled to thy brother, and then come and offer thy gift. 25  Make friends with thine adverse party quickly, whilst thou art in the way with him; lest some time the adverse party deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. 26  Verily I say to thee, Thou shalt in no wise come out thence till thou hast paid the last farthing.

Jesus' Attitude toward Adultery

27  Ye have heard that it has been said, Thou shalt not commit adultery. 28  But I say unto you, that every one who looks upon a woman to lust after her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29  But if thy right eye be a snare to thee, pluck it out and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members perish, and not thy whole body be cast into hell. 30  And if thy right hand be a snare to thee, cut it off and cast it from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members perish, and not thy whole body be cast into hell.

Jesus' Attitude toward Divorce

31  It has been said too, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a letter of divorce. 32  But I say unto you, that whosoever shall put away his wife, except for cause of fornication, makes her commit adultery, and whosoever marries one that is put away commits adultery.

Jesus' Attitude toward Oaths

33  Again, ye have heard that it has been said to the ancients, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt render to the Lord what thou hast sworn. 34  But I say unto you, Do not swear at all; neither by the heaven, because it is [the] throne of God; 35  nor by the earth, because it is [the] footstool of his feet; nor by Jerusalem, because it is [the] city of the great King. 36  Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black. 37  But let your word be Yea, yea; Nay, nay; but what is more than these is from evil.

Love for Enemies

38  Ye have heard that it has been said, Eye for eye and tooth for tooth. 39  But I say unto you, not to resist evil; but whoever shall strike thee on thy right cheek, turn to him also the other; 40  and to him that would go to law with thee and take thy body coat, leave him thy cloak also. 41  And whoever will compel thee to go one mile, go with him two. 42  To him that asks of thee give, and from him that desires to borrow of thee turn not away.

43  Ye have heard that it has been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour and hate thine enemy. 44  But I say unto you, Love your enemies, [bless those who curse you,] do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who [insult you and] persecute you, 45  that ye may be [the] sons of your Father who is in [the] heavens; for he makes his sun rise on evil and good, and sends rain on just and unjust. 46  For if ye should love those who love you, what reward have ye? Do not also the tax-gatherers the same? 47  And if ye should salute your brethren only, what do ye extraordinary? Do not also the Gentiles the same? 48  Be ye therefore perfect as your heavenly Father is perfect.

Jesus' Teaching on Almsgiving

6 1  Take heed not to do your alms before men to be seen of them, otherwise ye have no reward with your Father who is in the heavens. 2  When therefore thou doest alms, sound not a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, so that they may have glory from men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. 3  But thou, when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand does; 4  so that thine alms may be in secret, and thy Father who sees in secret will render [it] to thee.

Jesus' Teaching on Prayer

5  And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites; for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets so that they should appear to men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. 6  But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy chamber, and having shut thy door, pray to thy Father who is in secret, and thy Father who sees in secret will render [it] to thee. 7  But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as those who are of the nations: for they think they shall be heard through their much speaking. 8  Be not ye therefore like them, for your Father knows of what things ye have need before ye beg [anything] of him.

9  Thus therefore pray ye: Our Father who art in the heavens, let thy name be sanctified, 10  let thy kingdom come, let thy will be done as in heaven so upon the earth; 11  give us to-day our needed bread, 12  and forgive us our debts, as we also forgive our debtors, 13  and lead us not into temptation, but save us from evil. 14  For if ye forgive men their offences, your heavenly Father also will forgive you [yours], 15  but if ye do not forgive men their offences, neither will your Father forgive your offences.

Jesus' Teaching on Fasting

16  And when ye fast, be not as the hypocrites, downcast in countenance; for they disfigure their faces, so that they may appear fasting to men: verily I say unto you, They have their reward. 17  But thou, [when] fasting, anoint thy head and wash thy face, 18  so that thou mayest not appear fasting unto men, but to thy Father who is in secret; and thy Father who sees in secret shall render [it] to thee.

Treasure in Heaven

19  Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon the earth, where moth and rust spoils, and where thieves dig through and steal; 20  but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust spoils, and where thieves do not dig through nor steal; 21  for where thy treasure is, there will be also thy heart.

The Light of the Body

22  The lamp of the body is the eye; if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body will be light: 23  but if thine eye be wicked, thy whole body will be dark. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great the darkness!

God and Mammon

24  No one can serve two masters; for either he will hate the one and will love the other, or he will hold to the one and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

Care and Anxiety

25  For this cause I say unto you, Do not be careful about your life, what ye should eat and what ye should drink; nor for your body what ye should put on. Is not the life more than food, and the body than raiment? 26  Look at the birds of the heaven, that they sow not, nor reap, nor gather into granaries, and your heavenly Father nourishes them. Are ye not much more excellent than they? 27  But which of you by carefulness can add to his growth one cubit? 28  And why are ye careful about clothing? Observe with attention the lilies of the field, how they grow: they toil not, neither do they spin; 29  but I say unto you, that not even Solomon in all his glory was clothed as one of these. 30  But if God so clothe the herbage of the field, which is to-day, and to-morrow is cast into [the] oven, will he not much rather you, O [ye] of little faith? 31  Be not therefore careful, saying, What shall we eat? or What shall we drink? or What shall we put on? 32  for all these things the nations seek after; for your heavenly Father knows that ye have need of all these things. 33  But seek ye first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things shall be added unto you. 34  Be not careful therefore for the morrow, for the morrow shall be careful about itself. Sufficient to the day [is] its own evil.

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