1 Samuel 18-20 Darby’s Translation

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Jonathan's Covenant with David

18 1  And it came to pass, when he had ended speaking to Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. 2  And Saul took him that day, and would not let him return to his father's house. 3  And Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul. 4  And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David, and his dress, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle. 5  And David went forth; whithersoever Saul sent him he prospered; and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's servants.

Saul Becomes Jealous of David

6  And it came to pass as they came, when David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all the cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tambours, with joy, and with triangles. 7  And the women answered [one another] as they played, and said, Saul hath smitten his thousands, And David his ten thousands. 8  And Saul was very wroth, and that saying was evil in his sight; and he said, They have ascribed to David ten thousands, but to me they have ascribed the thousands; and [what] is there more for him but the kingdom? 9  And Saul eyed David from that day and forward. 10  And it came to pass the next day that an evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house, but David played with his hand, as on other days; and the spear was in Saul's hand. 11  And Saul cast the spear, and thought, I will smite David and the wall. But David turned away from him twice.

12  And Saul was afraid of David, because Jehovah was with him, and had departed from Saul. 13  And Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people. 14  And David prospered in all his ways; and Jehovah was with him. 15  And Saul saw that he prospered well, and he stood in awe of him. 16  But all Israel and Judah loved David, for he went out and came in before them. 17  And Saul said to David, Behold my eldest daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife; only be thou valiant for me, and fight Jehovah's battles. But Saul thought, My hand shall not be upon him, but the hand of the Philistines shall be upon him. 18  And David said to Saul, Who am I? and what is my life, [or] my father's family in Israel, that I should be son-in-law to the king? 19  And it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David, that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as wife. 20  And Michal Saul's daughter loved David; and they told Saul, and the thing was right in his sight. 21  And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be upon him. And Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son-in-law a second time. 22  And Saul commanded his servants, Speak with David secretly, saying, Behold, the king has delight in thee, and all his servants love thee: now therefore be the king's son-in-law. 23  And Saul's servants spoke those words in the ears of David. And David said, Is it a light thing in your eyes to be the king's son-in-law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed? 24  And the servants of Saul told him, saying, On this manner did David speak. 25  And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David: The king does not desire any dowry, but a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. 26  And his servants told David these words; and the thing was right in David's sight to be the king's son-in-law. And the days were not expired, 27  when David arose and went, he and his men, and smote of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they delivered them in full to the king, that he might be the king's son-in-law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter as wife. 28  And Saul saw and knew that Jehovah was with David; and Michal Saul's daughter loved him. 29  And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul was David's enemy continually. 30  And the princes of the Philistines went forth; and it came to pass, whenever they went forth, that David succeeded better than all the servants of Saul; and his name was much esteemed.

Saul Seeks to Kill David

19 1  And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should slay David. 2  But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David. And Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeks to kill thee; and now, I pray thee, take heed to thyself in the morning, and abide in a secret place and hide thyself; 3  and I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where thou art, and will speak of thee with my father: and see what it is, and tell thee. 4  And Jonathan spoke good of David to Saul his father, and said to him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David, because he has not sinned against thee; for also what he did was very advantageous to thee; 5  for he put his life in hand, and smote the Philistine, and Jehovah wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou didst see [it], and didst rejoice; why then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, in slaying David without cause? 6  And Saul hearkened to the voice of Jonathan, and Saul swore, [As] Jehovah liveth, he shall not be put to death! 7  Then Jonathan called David, and Jonathan declared to him all those things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence as previously.

8  And there was war again; and David went forth and fought with the Philistines, and smote them with a great slaughter; and they fled before him. 9  And an evil spirit from Jehovah was upon Saul. And he sat in his house with his spear in his hand; and David played with his hand. 10  And Saul sought to smite David and the wall with the spear; but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the spear into the wall. And David fled, and escaped that night.

11  And Saul sent messengers to David's house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning; and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to-night, to-morrow thou wilt be put to death. 12  And Michal let David down through a window; and he went, and fled and escaped. 13  And Michal took the image, and laid it in the bed, and put the net of goats' [hair] at its head, and covered it with the coverlet. 14  And Saul sent messengers to take David, and she said, He is sick. 15  And Saul sent the messengers to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may put him to death. 16  And the messengers came in, and behold, the image was in the bed, and the net of goats' [hair] at its head. 17  Then Saul said to Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, and sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal said to Saul, He said to me, Let me go; why should I slay thee?

18  And David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth. 19  And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is at Naioth by Ramah. 20  Then Saul sent messengers to take David; and they saw a company of prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as president over them; and the Spirit of God came upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied. 21  And it was told Saul, and he sent other messengers, and they also prophesied. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they also prophesied. 22  Then went he also to Ramah, and came to the great well that is in Sechu; and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, at Naioth by Ramah. 23  And he went thither to Naioth by Ramah; and the Spirit of God came upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth by Ramah. 24  And he himself also stripped off his clothes, and prophesied, himself also, before Samuel, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?

The Friendship of David and Jonathan

20 1  And David fled from Naioth by Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity, and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeks my life? 2  And he said to him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, and not apprise me; and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so. 3  And David swore again and again, and said, Thy father certainly knows that I have found favour in thy sight: and he has thought, Jonathan shall not know this, lest he be grieved; but truly [as] Jehovah liveth, and [as] thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death. 4  And Jonathan said to David, What thy soul may say, I will even do it for thee. 5  And David said to Jonathan, Behold, to-morrow is new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat; but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field until the third evening. 6  If thy father should actually miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city; for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family. 7  If he say thus, It is well,—thy servant shall have peace; but if he be very wroth, be sure that evil is determined by him. 8  Deal kindly then with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of Jehovah with thee; but if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father?

9  And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee; for, if I knew with certainty that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, would I not tell it thee? 10  Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what if thy father answer thee roughly? 11  And Jonathan said to David, Come and let us go out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field. 12  And Jonathan said to David, Jehovah, God of Israel, when I sound my father about this time to-morrow, [or] the next day, and behold, there be good toward David, and I then send not to thee, and apprise thee of it, 13  Jehovah do so and much more to Jonathan. Should it please my father [to do] thee evil, then I will apprise thee of it, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace; and Jehovah be with thee, as he has been with my father. 14  And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of Jehovah, that I die not, 15  but thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever, no, not when Jehovah cuts off the enemies of David, every one from the face of the earth. 16  And Jonathan made [a covenant] with the house of David, [saying,] Let Jehovah even require [it] at the hand of David's enemies! 17  And Jonathan caused David to swear again, by the love he had for him, for he loved him as he loved his own soul. 18  And Jonathan said to him, To-morrow is the new moon; and thou wilt be missed, for thy seat will be empty; 19  but on the third day thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself on the day of the business, and abide by the stone Ezel. 20  And I will shoot three arrows on the side of it, as though I shot at a mark. 21  And behold, I will send the lad, [saying,] Go, find the arrows. If I expressly say to the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come, for there is peace for thee, and it is nothing; [as] Jehovah liveth. 22  But if I say thus to the youth: Behold, the arrows are beyond thee,—go thy way; for Jehovah sends thee away. 23  And as to the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, Jehovah is between me and thee for ever.

24  And David hid himself in the field; and it was the new moon, and the king sat at table to eat. 25  And the king sat on his seat, as at other times, on the seat by the wall; and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul's side, and David's place was empty. 26  And Saul said nothing that day; for he thought, Something has befallen [him], that he is not clean: surely he is not clean. 27  And it came to pass the next day after the new moon, the second [day of the month], as David's place was empty, that Saul said to Jonathan his son, Why has not the son of Jesse come to table, neither yesterday nor to-day? 28  And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me [to go] to Bethlehem, 29  and said, Let me go, I pray thee; for we have a family sacrifice in the city; and my brother himself has commanded me [to be there]; and now, if I have found favour in thy sight, let me go away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. He has therefore not come to the king's table. 30  And Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, Son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own shame and to the shame of thy mother's nakedness? 31  For as long as the son of Jesse lives upon earth, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. And now send and fetch him to me, for he must die. 32  And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said to him, Why should he be put to death? what has he done? 33  Then Saul cast the spear at him to smite him; and Jonathan knew that it was determined by his father to put David to death. 34  And Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and ate no meat the second day of the new moon; for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.

35  And it came to pass in the morning that Jonathan went out into the field, to the place agreed on with David, and a little lad with him. 36  And he said to his lad, Run, find now the arrows which I shoot. The lad ran, and he shot the arrow beyond him. 37  And when the lad came to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad and said, Is not the arrow away beyond thee? 38  And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not! And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. 39  And the lad knew nothing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter. 40  And Jonathan gave his weapons to his lad, and said to him, Go, carry them to the city. 41  The lad went, and David arose from the side of the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times; and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded. 42  And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have both of us sworn in the name of Jehovah, saying, Jehovah be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever! And he arose and departed; and Jonathan went into the city.

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