What Are the Seven Deadly Sins?

The seven deadly sins, as identified by Pope Gregory 1 in the late sixth century, are considered categories of sin: pride, envy, wrath, gluttony, lust, sloth, and greed.

Lori Wildenberg
What Are the Seven Deadly Sins?

The seven deadly sins, as identified by Pope Gregory 1 in the late sixth century, are considered categories of sin: pride, envy, wrath, gluttony, lust, sloth, and greed.

Many think the deadly seven are recorded in the Bible. Surprisingly, even though each of the seven is a sin, this list is not contained in Scripture. The history of the sin categorization began in the year 400.

Evargius Ponticus a fourth century monk, described eight evils to resist. Two centuries later Pope Gregory 1, refined the inventory to seven. Almost every sin can be placed in one of these seven categories. Isaiah 14:13-14 tells us pride and selfishness are related to each of the seven and are viewed as the root causes of all sin.

Seven Deadly Sins throughout the Bible

Throughout the sweep of the Scripture these seven specific sins are addressed. Perhaps Exodus, Deuteronomy, Proverbs, and Galatians are some places where the deadly sins were identified.

The 10 Commandments (Exodus 20 and Deuteronomy 5)

1. You shall have no other Gods before me.

2. Don’t make an idol.

3. Don’t take the Lord’s name in vain.

4. Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy.

5. Honor your parents.

6. Don’t murder.

7. Don’t commit adultery.

8. Don’t steal.

9. Don’t lie.

10. Don’t covet.

Proverbs 6:16-19

“There are six things that the Lord hates, seven that are an abomination to him,  haughty eyes, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood,  a heart that devises wicked plans, feet that make haste to run to evil,  a false witness who breathes out lies, and one who sows discord among brothers.” (ESV)

Galatians 5:19-21

This passage adds a few more sins to be aware of: “Now the works of the flesh are evident: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality, idolatry, sorcery, enmity, strife, jealousy, fits of anger, rivalries, dissensions, divisions, envy, drunkenness, orgies, and things like these. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.” (ESV)

Sin is serious, deadly business.

Can the deadly sins be forgiven?

Yes, God can forgive all sins. No sin is greater or more deadly than another (Romans 6:23). There are some sins that bear more earthly consequences than others. For instance, murder has larger consequences than sinful anger. No matter the sin, the eternal consequences are the same— a separation from a holy God. But no sin too big or too bad that God cannot forgive (1 John 1:9). 

7 Deadly Sins: Their Meanings and What the Bible Says

By living out godly characteristics and growing in the fruit of the Spirit, Christians can combat the seven deadly sins in their lives.

“But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law” (Galatians 5:22-23).

1. Pride

Definition:  the quality or state of being proud: such as inordinate self-esteem, conceit

Counterpart: Humility, meekness, love God, love others, appropriate self-worth

2. Envy

Definition: painful or resentful awareness of an advantage enjoyed by another joined with a desire to possess the same advantage

Counterpart: love, joy, thankfulness, compassion, satisfaction

3. Wrath

Definition: : strong vengeful anger or indignation

Counterpart: peace, gentleness, self-control

4. Gluttony

Definition: excessive indulgence (typically food or drink)

Counterpart: self-control, contentment, patience, discernment

5. Lust

Definition: intense or unbridled (sexual) desire, lasciviousness

Counterpart: love, unselfishness

6. Sloth

Definition: disinclination to action or labor, spiritual apathy and inactivity

Counterpart: perseverance, diligence, servanthood

7. Greed

Definition:  a selfish and excessive desire for more of something (such as money) than is needed (material goods)

Counterpart: Generosity, kindness

How to Deal with Guilt

In reading over the sin descriptions, we realize we are guilty of committing all of these at one time or another. All sin, according to Romans 6:23, results in death. Paul perfectly captures the human condition in Romans 7:21-25 (NIV):

“So I find this law at work: Although I want to do good, evil is right there with me. For in my inner being I delight in God’s law; but I see another law at work in me, waging war against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner of the law of sin at work within me. What a wretched man I am! Who will rescue me from this body that is subject to death? Thanks be to God, who delivers me through Jesus Christ our Lord!”

Jesus shows, tells, and empowers us to raise our standards from fleshly to spiritual.  He commands us to love others as we love ourselves and love God with our heart, mind, body, and soul (Leviticus 19:18, Matthew 22:37-39, Mark 12: 30-31, Luke 10:27, Romans 13:9). When we fix our eyes on Jesus and choose to look more like him, we will be more aware of our own areas of weakness.

We can choose to adjust our thinking and actions by replacing our thoughts with things that are good and honorable with prayer while looking to Jesus as our teacher and savior. The Lord accepts us as we are, yet he doesn’t leave us there. He wants us to resemble Him, our Heavenly Father. To combat our sin nature, prayer is our weapon. We can pray what I call a replacement prayer.

Replacement Prayer

Lord, replace my pride, envy, wrath, gluttony, lust, sloth, and greed with love for others and love for you. Give me eyes see others as you see them. Help me view myself in the proper perspective. Change my heart of stone to reflect your heart so I am content and satisfied with the skills, talents, and gifts you have given to me. When I feel hurt, offended, or angry show me how to positively deal with my pain in a way that glorifies you and honors others. I want to look more like you, Lord, and less like me. Amen

Sin isn’t just bad or immoral behavior. It is an issue of the heart. We all sin, and that sin separates us from the Lord and others. But praise God for the great good news that while we were still sinners, Jesus died for us (Romans 5:8). Salvation cannot be earned. It is God’s gift of grace so no one can boast.  We can be forgiven of all sin, even the big seven, by His grace through faith in Christ (Acts 10:23).

“Finally, brothers, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is just, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is commendable, if there is any excellence, if there is anything worthy of praise, think about these things. What you have learned and received and heard and seen in me—practice these things, and the God of peace will be with you” (Philippians 4:8-9).

Lori Wildenberg, speaker, parent coach, and author of 5 parenting books including: Messy Journey: How Grace and Truth Offer the Prodigal a Way Home andThe Messy Life of Parenting: Powerful and Practical Ways to Strengthen Family Connection. For more information go to www.loriwildenberg.com.

Sources

Photo Credit: GettyImages/PaulPaladin


Originally published May 01, 2019.