William Chalmers Burns was born in Dun, Scotland. He was converted at age 16, and was accepted in 1839 as a missionary of the Church of Scotland to India. However, before he left a mighty revival began under his preaching in his father's parish, so he became an itinerant evangelist during the spiritual awakening in Scotland, Ireland, England, and Canada. In 1846 the English Presbyterians recruited him for China, and, arriving in Hong Kong in 1850, and then moving to Amoy, he had his first convert after six years in China. In 1867 he opened new territory in Manchuria, but died the following year at Newchwang, China. It is said that Chalmers Burns greatly influenced J. Hudson Taylor, founder of the China Inland Mission.
John Coleridge Patteson was born in London. He was ordained in the Church of England in 1854, but hungered to work as a missionary. When he arrived in Aukland, New Zealand, the following year, he would never return home. He worked in the South Pacific Islands, sharing the Gospel, which transformed many lives. In 1857, at age 31, he visited 66 islands in one year. Patteson founded a training school at Norfolk Island in 1867. On his final visit to the Santa Cruz Islands (1871), he was clubbed and speared to death by natives outraged at kidnappings of their fellowmen by white traders.