John Henry Livingston Heads Seminary

Dan Graves, MSL

John Henry Livingston Heads Seminary

Which church should it be? John Henry Livingston believed that God was calling him to leave his law studies and become a minister; but of which denomination? Born in New Netherlands (New York) thirty years before America's revolutionary war, it seemed to him that he had three options: Anglican, Presbyterian and Dutch Reform. Of the three, the Dutch church seemed the least likely. He knew less Dutch than English and the church was tearing itself apart with quarrels.

But the Dutch Reform was the church of his grandparents and he had been brought up in it. He longed to do something to heal its wounds. "...It was powerfully impressed upon my mind, that God would render instrument in his hand to compromise and heal these dissensions, and raise the reputation, and establish the dignity and usefulness of the Dutch Church in America."

And so twenty-year-old John sailed to Holland to get his theological degree. Hundreds of prayers went with him, for America's Dutch settlers knew the hopes that this sickly boy carried with him of settling divisions between them and the home country. They hoped he would succeed and make his way back to minister to them.

John did well in his studies. After his graduation, he returned to America in 1769. For the rest of his life, he worked hard for the Dutch Reform Church in the New World. In fact, he did so much for them that he became known as the "Father of the Dutch Reformed Church" in America. He negotiated peace between rivals in America and worked out a measure of independence for the American church, which was still ruled from Holland. (After the Revolutionary War, it became completely independent.)

John pastored in several cities in New York, always seeking positions that would allow him to be of the most use. During the revolutionary War, he had to leave New York City because the British occupied it. When he returned in 1783, he was the only Dutch Reform pastor in the city; three other pulpits were vacant. This meant he carried a huge work load.

The load was about to increase. The Dutch Reform appointed him to an additional task. On this day, October 5, 1784, John Henry Livingston became their Professor of Theology. For twenty-six years, he carried out these duties without any college to back him up. In addition to this, he wrote hymns, contributed to the church constitution, prepared its liturgy (form of service), backed missionary endeavors, and chaplained the U. S. Congress.

He was helped by a good wife. Sarah brought common sense, love, and piety to the marriage. When she died in 1814, he was heart broken. He wrote to a friend, "This day her dear remains are to be deposited in the silent grave. -- I do not love my blessed Jesus any thing less for afflicting me. He is now very precious to me. All my springs are in Him. He stands by me, and strengthens me. It is the Lord. He hath taken away, blessed be his name, notwithstanding. -- It is the heaviest stroke I have ever received; but it is well. -- In the Lord I have righteousness and strength."

By the year of Sarah's death, John had been living for four years in New Jersey. In 1810, the General Synod of the Reformed Church decided to combine its theological training with Queens College (now known as Rutgers) in New Brunswick, N. J. They made Dr. Livingston the president of the college. The hard-working John served as its professor and president until he died in 1825.


  1. Deusen, Mary S. Van. "John Henry Livingston (1746-1825) Biography." johnhenrylivbio.htm
  2. Lossing, Benson J. Eminent Americans. New York: Mason Bros., 1857. Source of the portrait.
  3. Memoir of the Rev. John H. Livingston, D.D. American Quarterly Register. Vol. XII. February, 1840. No. 3. 217. 1840livingstonpresrutgers.html.
  4. Various encyclopedia and internet articles.

Last updated June, 2007.

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