Earth

Easton’s Bible Dictionary

  1. In the sense of soil or ground, the translation of the word adamah'. In Genesis 9:20 "husbandman" is literally "man of the ground or earth." Altars were to be built of earth (Exodus 20:24). Naaman asked for two mules' burden of earth (2 Kings 5:17), under the superstitious notion that Jehovah, like the gods of the heathen, could be acceptably worshipped only on his own soil.
  2. As the rendering of 'erets, it means the whole world (Genesis 1:2); the land as opposed to the sea (Genesis 1:10). Erets also denotes a country (Genesis 21:32); a plot of ground (Genesis 23:15); the ground on which a man stands (Genesis 33:3); the inhabitants of the earth (Genesis 6:1; 11:1); all the world except Israel (2 Chronicles 13:9). In the New Testament "the earth" denotes the land of Judea (Matthew 23:35); also things carnal in contrast with things heavenly (John 3:31; Colossians 3:1,2).
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  • Smith’s Bible Dictionary