Genesis 43-45 Young’s Literal Translation

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Joseph's Brethren Return with Benjamin

43 1  And the famine 'is' severe in the land; 2  and it cometh to pass, when they have finished eating the corn which they brought from Egypt, that their father saith unto them, 'Turn back, buy for us a little food.' 3  And Judah speaketh unto him, saying, 'The man protesting protested to us, saying, Ye do not see my face without your brother 'being' with you; 4  if thou art sending our brother with us, we go down, and buy for thee food, 5  and if thou art not sending—we do not go down, for the man said unto us, Ye do not see my face without your brother 'being' with you.' 6  And Israel saith, 'Why did ye evil to me, by declaring to the man that ye had yet a brother?' 7  and they say, 'The man asked diligently concerning us, and concerning our kindred, saying, Is your father yet alive? have ye a brother? and we declare to him according to the tenor of these things; do we certainly know that he will say, Bring down your brother?' 8  And Judah saith unto Israel his father, 'Send the youth with me, and we arise, and go, and live, and do not die, both we, and thou, and our infants. 9  I—I am surety 'for' him, from my hand thou dost require him; if I have not brought him in unto thee, and set him before thee—then I have sinned against thee all the days; 10  for if we had not lingered, surely now we had returned these two times.'

11  And Israel their father saith unto them, 'If so, now, this do: take of the praised thing of the land in your vessels, and take down to the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices and myrrh, nuts and almonds; 12  and double money take in your hand, even the money which is brought back in the mouth of your bags, ye take back in your hand, it may be it 'is' an oversight. 13  'And take your brother, and rise, turn back unto the man; 14  and God Almighty give to you mercies before the man, so that he hath sent to you your other brother and Benjamin; and I, when I am bereaved—I am bereaved.'

15  And the men take this present, double money also they have taken in their hand, and Benjamin; and they rise, and go down to Egypt, and stand before Joseph; 16  and Joseph seeth Benjamin with them, and saith to him who 'is' over his house, 'Bring the men into the house, and slaughter an animal, and make ready, for with me do the men eat at noon.' 17  And the man doth as Joseph hath said, and the man bringeth in the men into the house of Joseph, 18  and the men are afraid because they have been brought into the house of Joseph, and they say, 'For the matter of the money which was put back in our bags at the commencement are we brought in—to roll himself upon us, and to throw himself on us, and to take us for servants—our asses also.' 19  And they come nigh unto the man who 'is' over the house of Joseph, and speak unto him at the opening of the house, 20  and say, 'O, my lord, we really come down at the commencement to buy food; 21  and it cometh to pass, when we have come in unto the lodging-place, and open our bags, that lo, each one's money 'is' in the mouth of his bag, our money in its weight, and we bring it back in our hand; 22  and other money have we brought down in our hand to buy food; we have not known who put our money in our bags.' 23  And he saith, 'Peace to you, fear not: your God and the God of your father hath given to you hidden treasure in your bags, your money came unto me;' and he bringeth out Simeon unto them. 24  And the man bringeth in the men into Joseph's house, and giveth water, and they wash their feet; and he giveth provender for their asses, 25  and they prepare the present until the coming of Joseph at noon, for they have heard that there they do eat bread.

26  And Joseph cometh into the house, and they bring to him the present which 'is' in their hand, into the house, and bow themselves to him, to the earth; 27  and he asketh of them of peace, and saith, 'Is your father well? the aged man of whom ye have spoken, is he yet alive?' 28  and they say, 'Thy servant our father 'is' well, he is yet alive;' and they bow, and do obeisance. 29  And he lifteth up his eyes, and seeth Benjamin his brother, his mother's son, and saith, 'Is this your young brother, of whom ye have spoken unto me?' and he saith, 'God favour thee, my son.' 30  And Joseph hasteth, for his bowels have been moved for his brother, and he seeketh to weep, and entereth the inner chamber, and weepeth there; 31  and he washeth his face, and goeth out, and refraineth himself, and saith, 'Place bread.' 32  And they place for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians who are eating with him by themselves: for the Egyptians are unable to eat bread with the Hebrews, for it 'is' an abomination to the Egyptians. 33  And they sit before him, the first-born according to his birthright, and the young one according to his youth, and the men wonder one at another; 34  and he lifteth up gifts from before him unto them, and the gift of Benjamin is five hands more than the gifts of all of them; and they drink, yea, they drink abundantly with him.

The Missing Cup

44 1  And he commandeth him who 'is' over his house, saying, 'Fill the bags of the men 'with' food, as they are able to bear, and put the money of each in the mouth of his bag; 2  and my cup, the silver cup, thou dost put in the mouth of the bag of the young one, and his corn-money;' and he doth according to the word of Joseph which he hath spoken. 3  The morning is bright, and the men have been sent away, they and their asses— 4  they have gone out of the city—they have not gone far off—and Joseph hath said to him who 'is' over his house, 'Rise, pursue after the men; and thou hast overtaken them, and thou hast said unto them, Why have ye recompensed evil for good? 5  Is not this that with which my lord drinketh? and he observeth diligently with it; ye have done evil 'in' that which ye have done.' 6  And he overtaketh them, and speaketh unto them these words, 7  and they say unto him, 'Why doth my lord speak according to these words? far be it from thy servants to do according to this word; 8  lo, the money which we found in the mouth of our bags we brought back unto thee from the land of Canaan, and how do we steal from the house of thy lord silver or gold? 9  with whomsoever of thy servants it is found, he hath died, and we also are to my lord for servants.' 10  And he saith, 'Now, also, according to your words, so it 'is'; he with whom it is found becometh my servant, and ye are acquitted;' 11  and they hasten and take down each his bag to the earth, and each openeth his bag; 12  and he searcheth—at the eldest he hath begun, and at the youngest he hath completed—and the cup is found in the bag of Benjamin; 13  and they rend their garments, and each ladeth his ass, and they turn back to the city. 14  And Judah—his brethren also—cometh in unto the house of Joseph, and he is yet there, and they fall before him to the earth; 15  and Joseph saith to them, 'What 'is' this deed that ye have done? have ye not known that a man like me doth diligently observe?' 16  And Judah saith, 'What do we say to my lord? what do we speak? and what—do we justify ourselves? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants; lo, we 'are' servants to my lord, both we, and he in whose hand the cup hath been found;' 17  and he saith, 'Far be it from me to do this; the man in whose hand the cup hath been found, he becometh my servant; and ye, go ye up in peace unto your father.'

Judah Pleads for Benjamin

18  And Judah cometh nigh unto him, and saith, 'O, my lord, let thy servant speak, I pray thee, a word in the ears of my lord, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant—for thou art as Pharaoh. 19  My lord hath asked his servants, saying, Have ye a father or brother? 20  and we say unto my lord, We have a father, an aged one, and a child of old age, a little one; and his brother died, and he is left alone of his mother, and his father hath loved him. 21  'And thou sayest unto thy servants, Bring him down unto me, and I set mine eye upon him; 22  and we say unto my lord, The youth is not able to leave his father, when he hath left his father, then he hath died; 23  and thou sayest unto thy servants, If your young brother come not down with you, ye add not to see my face. 24  'And it cometh to pass, that we have come up unto thy servant my father, that we declare to him the words of my lord; 25  and our father saith, Turn back, buy for us a little food, 26  and we say, We are not able to go down; if our young brother is with us, then we have gone down; for we are not able to see the man's face, and our young brother not with us. 27  'And thy servant my father saith unto us, Ye—ye have known that two did my wife bare to me, 28  and the one goeth out from me, and I say, Surely he is torn—torn! and I have not seen him since; 29  when ye have taken also this from my presence, and mischief hath met him, then ye have brought down my grey hairs with evil to sheol. 30  'And now, at my coming in unto thy servant my father, and the youth not with us (and his soul is bound up in his soul), 31  then it hath come to pass when he seeth that the youth is not, that he hath died, and thy servants have brought down the grey hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to sheol; 32  for thy servant obtained the youth by surety from my father, saying, If I bring him not in unto thee—then I have sinned against my father all the days. 33  'And now, let thy servant, I pray thee, abide instead of the youth a servant to my lord, and the youth goeth up with his brethren, 34  for how do I go up unto my father, and the youth not with me? lest I look on the evil which doth find my father.'

Joseph Makes Himself Known to His Brethren

45 1  And Joseph hath not been able to refrain himself before all those standing by him, and he calleth, 'Put out every man from me;' and no man hath stood with him when Joseph maketh himself known unto his brethren, 2  and he giveth forth his voice in weeping, and the Egyptians hear, and the house of Pharaoh heareth. 3  And Joseph saith unto his brethren, 'I 'am' Joseph, is my father yet alive?' and his brethren have not been able to answer him, for they have been troubled at his presence. 4  And Joseph saith unto his brethren, 'Come nigh unto me, I pray you,' and they come nigh; and he saith, 'I 'am' Joseph, your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt; 5  and now, be not grieved, nor let it be displeasing in your eyes that ye sold me hither, for to preserve life hath God sent me before you. 6  'Because these two years the famine 'is' in the heart of the land, and yet 'are' five years, 'in' which there is neither ploughing nor harvest; 7  and God sendeth me before you, to place of you a remnant in the land, and to give life to you by a great escape; 8  and now, ye—ye have not sent me hither, but God, and He doth set me for a father to Pharaoh, and for lord to all his house, and ruler over all the land of Egypt. 9  'Haste, and go up unto my father, then ye have said to him, Thus said Joseph thy son, God hath set me for lord to all Egypt; come down unto me, stay not, 10  and thou hast dwelt in the land of Goshen, and been near unto me, thou and thy sons, and thy son's sons, and thy flock, and thy herd, and all that thou hast, 11  and I have nourished thee there—for yet 'are' five years of famine—lest thou become poor, thou and thy household, and all that thou hast. 12  'And lo, your eyes are seeing, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, that 'it is' my mouth which is speaking unto you; 13  and ye have declared to my father all my honour in Egypt, and all that ye have seen, and ye have hasted, and have brought down my father hither.' 14  And he falleth on the neck of Benjamin his brother, and weepeth, and Benjamin hath wept on his neck; 15  and he kisseth all his brethren, and weepeth over them; and afterwards have his brethren spoken with him.

16  And the sound hath been heard in the house of Pharaoh, saying, 'Come have the brethren of Joseph;' and it is good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, 17  and Pharaoh saith unto Joseph, 'Say unto thy brethren, This do ye: lade your beasts, and go, enter ye the land of Canaan, 18  and take your father, and your households, and come unto me, and I give to you the good of the land of Egypt, and eat ye the fat of the land. 19  'Yea, thou—thou hast been commanded: this do ye, take for yourselves out of the land of Egypt, waggons for your infants, and for your wives, and ye have brought your father, and come; 20  and your eye hath no pity on your vessels, for the good of all the land of Egypt 'is' yours.' 21  And the sons of Israel do so, and Joseph giveth waggons to them by the command of Pharaoh, and he giveth to them provision for the way; 22  to all of them hath he given—to each changes of garments, and to Benjamin he hath given three hundred silverlings, and five changes of garments; 23  and to his father he hath sent thus: ten asses bearing of the good things of Egypt, and ten she-asses bearing corn and bread, even food for his father for the way. 24  And he sendeth his brethren away, and they go; and he saith unto them, 'Be not angry in the way.'

25  And they go up out of Egypt, and come in to the land of Canaan, unto Jacob their father, 26  and they declare to him, saying, 'Joseph 'is' yet alive,' and that he 'is' ruler over all the land of Egypt; and his heart ceaseth, for he hath not given credence to them. 27  And they speak unto him all the words of Joseph, which he hath spoken unto them, and he seeth the waggons which Joseph hath sent to bear him away, and live doth the spirit of Jacob their father; 28  and Israel saith, 'Enough! Joseph my son 'is' yet alive; I go and see him before I die.'

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