Luke 19-20 New Revised Standard Version

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Jesus and Zaccheus

19 1  He entered Jericho and was passing through it. 2  A man was there named Zacchaeus; he was a chief tax collector and was rich. 3  He was trying to see who Jesus was, but on account of the crowd he could not, because he was short in stature. 4  So he ran ahead and climbed a sycamore tree to see him, because he was going to pass that way. 5  When Jesus came to the place, he looked up and said to him, "Zacchaeus, hurry and come down; for I must stay at your house today." 6  So he hurried down and was happy to welcome him. 7  All who saw it began to grumble and said, "He has gone to be the guest of one who is a sinner." 8  Zacchaeus stood there and said to the Lord, "Look, half of my possessions, Lord, I will give to the poor; and if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I will pay back four times as much." 9  Then Jesus said to him, "Today salvation has come to this house, because he too is a son of Abraham. 10  For the Son of Man came to seek out and to save the lost."

The Parable of the Ten Pounds

11  As they were listening to this, he went on to tell a parable, because he was near Jerusalem, and because they supposed that the kingdom of God was to appear immediately. 12  So he said, "A nobleman went to a distant country to get royal power for himself and then return. 13  He summoned ten of his slaves, and gave them ten pounds, and said to them, "Do business with these until I come back.' 14  But the citizens of his country hated him and sent a delegation after him, saying, "We do not want this man to rule over us.' 15  When he returned, having received royal power, he ordered these slaves, to whom he had given the money, to be summoned so that he might find out what they had gained by trading. 16  The first came forward and said, "Lord, your pound has made ten more pounds.' 17  He said to him, "Well done, good slave! Because you have been trustworthy in a very small thing, take charge of ten cities.' 18  Then the second came, saying, "Lord, your pound has made five pounds.' 19  He said to him, "And you, rule over five cities.' 20  Then the other came, saying, "Lord, here is your pound. I wrapped it up in a piece of cloth, 21  for I was afraid of you, because you are a harsh man; you take what you did not deposit, and reap what you did not sow.' 22  He said to him, "I will judge you by your own words, you wicked slave! You knew, did you, that I was a harsh man, taking what I did not deposit and reaping what I did not sow? 23  Why then did you not put my money into the bank? Then when I returned, I could have collected it with interest.' 24  He said to the bystanders, "Take the pound from him and give it to the one who has ten pounds.' 25  (And they said to him, "Lord, he has ten pounds!') 26  "I tell you, to all those who have, more will be given; but from those who have nothing, even what they have will be taken away. 27  But as for these enemies of mine who did not want me to be king over them-bring them here and slaughter them in my presence.' "

The Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem

28  After he had said this, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem. 29  When he had come near Bethphage and Bethany, at the place called the Mount of Olives, he sent two of the disciples, 30  saying, "Go into the village ahead of you, and as you enter it you will find tied there a colt that has never been ridden. Untie it and bring it here. 31  If anyone asks you, "Why are you untying it?' just say this, "The Lord needs it.' " 32  So those who were sent departed and found it as he had told them. 33  As they were untying the colt, its owners asked them, "Why are you untying the colt?" 34  They said, "The Lord needs it." 35  Then they brought it to Jesus; and after throwing their cloaks on the colt, they set Jesus on it. 36  As he rode along, people kept spreading their cloaks on the road. 37  As he was now approaching the path down from the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to praise God joyfully with a loud voice for all the deeds of power that they had seen, 38  saying, "Blessed is the king who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven, and glory in the highest heaven!" 39  Some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to him, "Teacher, order your disciples to stop." 40  He answered, "I tell you, if these were silent, the stones would shout out."

41  As he came near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42  saying, "If you, even you, had only recognized on this day the things that make for peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. 43  Indeed, the days will come upon you, when your enemies will set up ramparts around you and surround you, and hem you in on every side. 44  They will crush you to the ground, you and your children within you, and they will not leave within you one stone upon another; because you did not recognize the time of your visitation from God."

The Cleansing of the Temple

45  Then he entered the temple and began to drive out those who were selling things there; 46  and he said, "It is written, "My house shall be a house of prayer'; but you have made it a den of robbers." 47  Every day he was teaching in the temple. The chief priests, the scribes, and the leaders of the people kept looking for a way to kill him; 48  but they did not find anything they could do, for all the people were spellbound by what they heard.

Jesus' Authority Questioned

20 1  One day, as he was teaching the people in the temple and telling the good news, the chief priests and the scribes came with the elders 2  and said to him, "Tell us, by what authority are you doing these things? Who is it who gave you this authority?" 3  He answered them, "I will also ask you a question, and you tell me: 4  Did the baptism of John come from heaven, or was it of human origin?" 5  They discussed it with one another, saying, "If we say, "From heaven,' he will say, "Why did you not believe him?' 6  But if we say, "Of human origin,' all the people will stone us; for they are convinced that John was a prophet." 7  So they answered that they did not know where it came from. 8  Then Jesus said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I am doing these things."

The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen

9  He began to tell the people this parable: "A man planted a vineyard, and leased it to tenants, and went to another country for a long time. 10  When the season came, he sent a slave to the tenants in order that they might give him his share of the produce of the vineyard; but the tenants beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 11  Next he sent another slave; that one also they beat and insulted and sent away empty-handed. 12  And he sent still a third; this one also they wounded and threw out. 13  Then the owner of the vineyard said, "What shall I do? I will send my beloved son; perhaps they will respect him.' 14  But when the tenants saw him, they discussed it among themselves and said, "This is the heir; let us kill him so that the inheritance may be ours.' 15  So they threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16  He will come and destroy those tenants and give the vineyard to others." When they heard this, they said, "Heaven forbid!" 17  But he looked at them and said, "What then does this text mean: "The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone'? 18  Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces; and it will crush anyone on whom it falls."

Paying Taxes to Caesar

19  When the scribes and chief priests realized that he had told this parable against them, they wanted to lay hands on him at that very hour, but they feared the people.

20  So they watched him and sent spies who pretended to be honest, in order to trap him by what he said, so as to hand him over to the jurisdiction and authority of the governor. 21  So they asked him, "Teacher, we know that you are right in what you say and teach, and you show deference to no one, but teach the way of God in accordance with truth. 22  Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to the emperor, or not?" 23  But he perceived their craftiness and said to them, 24  "Show me a denarius. Whose head and whose title does it bear?" They said, "The emperor's." 25  He said to them, "Then give to the emperor the things that are the emperor's, and to God the things that are God's." 26  And they were not able in the presence of the people to trap him by what he said; and being amazed by his answer, they became silent.

The Question about the Resurrection

27  Some Sadducees, those who say there is no resurrection, came to him 28  and asked him a question, "Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother dies, leaving a wife but no children, the man shall marry the widow and raise up children for his brother. 29  Now there were seven brothers; the first married, and died childless; 30  then the second 31  and the third married her, and so in the same way all seven died childless. 32  Finally the woman also died. 33  In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife will the woman be? For the seven had married her." 34  Jesus said to them, "Those who belong to this age marry and are given in marriage; 35  but those who are considered worthy of a place in that age and in the resurrection from the dead neither marry nor are given in marriage. 36  Indeed they cannot die anymore, because they are like angels and are children of God, being children of the resurrection. 37  And the fact that the dead are raised Moses himself showed, in the story about the bush, where he speaks of the Lord as the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. 38  Now he is God not of the dead, but of the living; for to him all of them are alive."

39  Then some of the scribes answered, "Teacher, you have spoken well." 40  For they no longer dared to ask him another question.

The Question about David's Son

41  Then he said to them, "How can they say that the Messiah is David's son? 42  For David himself says in the book of Psalms, "The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at my right hand, 43  until I make your enemies your footstool." ' 44  David thus calls him Lord; so how can he be his son?"

Jesus Denounces the Scribes

45  In the hearing of all the people he said to the disciples, 46  "Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes, and love to be greeted with respect in the marketplaces, and to have the best seats in the synagogues and places of honor at banquets. 47  They devour widows' houses and for the sake of appearance say long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation."

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